ASSAULT BLACK

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Black Label

ASSAULT BLACK SUMMARY:

Assault Black’s all-in-one pre-workout formula is loaded with the most advanced ingredients and built on real science. It’s time to boost your workouts and fuel your grind on the field and in the gym or ring—best of all, Assault Black has NO Proprietary blends. This is a game changer for athletes. It will allow you to push the limits further than ever before.

ASSAULT BLACK BENEFITS:
  • No proprietary blends
  • 3 grams of citrulline malate
  • 2 grams of beta-alanine
  • 750mg of Agmatine sulfate
  • Increases energy, focus, strength, and muscular pumps
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT BLACK:

Individuals who are looking for a pre-workout supplement without proprietary blends that will increase energy, focus, and strength while providing key ingredients to delay fatigue and promote recovery.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN ASSAULT BLACK:
BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[1,2]

Citrulline Malate:

Citrulline malate may help replenish energy and fuel ongoing muscular contractions for more intense training sessions.[3]

Agmatine Sulfate:

Agmatine stimulates many processes that are essential during a hard training session for optimal vasodilation (pump) and energy.[4]

Caffeine Anhydrous:

Caffeine anhydrous is a powerful stimulant, and it can be used to improve physical strength and endurance.[5]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[6,7]

Creatine HCL:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[8,9,10]

elevATP:

elevATP is a clinically researched ingredient that works with our natural energy-producing mechanisms to stimulate production of ATP (the energy currency of the body).[11]

BioPerine Black Pepper:

BioPerine significantly enhances the bioavailability of various supplement nutrients through increased absorption.[12]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of Assault Black in 12-16 oz. of water and consume 20-30 minutes before training.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Blomstrand E, et alBranched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exerciseJ Nutr. (2006)
  3. Pérez-Guisado J, Jakeman PM: Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 May;24(5):1215-22.
  4. Gao, Y., B. Gumusel, et al. (1995). “Agmatine: a novel endogenous vasodilator substance.” Life Sci 57(8): PL83-86.
  5. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  6. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  7. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  8. Greenhaff PL, et al: Effect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  9. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  10. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  11. Reyes-Izquierdo, T., et al. “The effect of elevATP™ on whole blood ATP levels: a single dose, crossover clinical study.” J. Aging Res. Clin. Practice 3.1 (2014): 56-60.
  12. Johnson JJ, et al. Enhancing the bioavailability of resveratrol by combining it with piperine. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2011; 55(8):1169-76.