ASSAULT RTD

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

ASSAULT RTD SUMMARY:

Assault RTD delivers the most advanced pre-workout system on the market in a grab and go package ideal for today’s busy lifestyle.  Precision-engineered to give athletes the ultimate performance advantage over the competition.  Assault RTD enhances the before, during, and after of your workout to help you get the very best results.

ASSAULT RTD’S BENEFITS:
  • Increased energy
  • Increased performance
  • Improved nutrient delivery/waste removal through increased blood flow
  • Increased size/strength/muscular endurance
  • Improved focus, reaction time, and agility
  • Decreased fatigue and enhanced recovery
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT RTD:

Anyone who wants to improve their workout through increased energy and improved focus while delaying muscle fatigue.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ASSAULT RTD:

Caffeine:

Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[1]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[2,3]

Citrulline Malate/Beet root extract:

Citrulline malate increases nitric oxide production, which increases blood flow through dilation of blood vessels[4]. Nitrates also increase nitric oxide and are found naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[5]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (increase muscle protein synthesis and decrease protein degradation) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[6,7]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Drink ASSAULT RTD 20-30 minutes before training.  For optimal results drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell, Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscle. Biochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  3. Walter AA, et al: Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in women. J Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  4. Schwedhelm E, et al: Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics properties or oral L-citrulline and L-arginine: impact on nitric oxide metabolism. Br J Clin Pharmacol. (2007)
  5. Larsen FJ, et al: Effects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exercise. Acta Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  6. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. (1997)
  7. Blomstrand E, et al: Branched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exercise. J Nutr. (2006)
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:
  1. Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research. (2014).
  2. Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon SE, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutrition and Metabolism (2013).