ASSAULT

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

ASSAULT SUMMARY:

Assault’s pre-workout formulation is the most advanced and complete pre-workout system on the market.  Precision-engineered to give athletes the ultimate performance advantage over the competition.  Assault’s 5-Stage delivery system addresses every angle of performance.

ASSAULT’S BENEFITS:
  • Increased energy
  • Increased performance
  • Increased size/strength/muscular endurance
  • Improved focus, reaction time, and agility
  • Decreased fatigue and enhanced recovery
  • No “crash” caffeine
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT:

Anyone who wants to improve their workout through increased energy and improved focus while delaying muscle fatigue.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ASSAULT:

PurEnergy:

A form of caffeine that lasts up to 8 times longer than normal caffeine, without the typical caffeine “crash.” Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[1]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[2,3]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[4]

Creatine Nitrate:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[5,6,7]

Glutamine:

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body.  Glutamine is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.[8]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of ASSAULT in 8-12 oz of water 20-30 minutes before training.  For optimal results drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  3. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  4. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  5. Greenhaff PL, et alEffect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  6. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  7. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  8. Bowtell JL, et alEffect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exerciseJ Appl Physiol. (1999)
  9. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  10. Blomstrand E, et alBranched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exerciseJ Nutr. (2006)
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:

Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research(2014).

Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon SE, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutrition and Metabolism (2013).