AMINO 1 RTD

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Hybrid

AMINO 1 RTD SUMMARY

MusclePharm engineered Amino 1 to be THE ultimate recovery & hydration sports drink that tastes amazing. With Amino 1 RTD, MusclePharm puts the best hydration beverage on the market in the hands of the athlete on the go. Specially formulated for all athletes, quick-absorbing Amino 1 RTD brings stamina, hydration, muscle building and in-workout recovery in “1″ comprehensive formula.

AMINO 1 RTD BENEFITS:
  • Scientifically advanced endurance and recovery support
  • Support against muscular fatigue during & after exercise
  • Promote recovery & muscle building from training sessions
  • Caffeine & sugar free
  • The ultimate hydration and recovery system
  • Anti-muscle breakdown/muscle sparing effect
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1 RTD:

Those interested in an alternative to a typical sugary “sports” drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN AMINO 1 RTD:
BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or typical sports drink.[3]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium) have many roles in the body, including fluid balance, bone density, and muscular contraction.  When individuals exercise, electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[4,5]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Drink Amino 1 RTD before, during, or after a workout.  On non-training days, consume throughout the day.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluid. N Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damage. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:
  1. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.

AMINO 1

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Hybrid

AMINO 1 SUMMARY

MusclePharm engineered Amino 1 to be THE ultimate recovery & hydration sports drink that tastes amazing. Specially formulated for all athletes, quick-absorbing Amino 1 brings stamina, hydration, muscle building and in-workout recovery in “1″ comprehensive formula.

AMINO 1 BENEFITS:
  • Scientifically advanced endurance and recovery support
  • Support against muscular fatigue during & after exercise
  • Promote recovery & muscle building from training sessions
  • Caffeine & sugar free
  • The ultimate hydration and recovery system
  • Anti-muscle breakdown/muscle sparing effect
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1:

Those interested in an alternative to a typical sugary “sports” drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN AMINO 1:

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or typical sports drink.[3]

Amino Acids:

Amino 1 contains over 10,000mg of amino acids (broken down proteins).  Amino acids serve as the “building blocks” for muscle repair and growth.  Amino acids can also be used as a source of energy.[4,5]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[6,7]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[8]

L-Carnitine:

L-Carnitine may promote fat burning (oxidation) which could result in higher endurance performance.  It has also been shown to reduce markers of muscle damage.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (1 scoop) of Amino 1 mixed into 12-16 oz. of cold water, either before, during, or after a workout.  On non-training days, consume throughout the day.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluidN Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damageInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
  6. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  7. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.
  1. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  2. Cha YS, et al.: Effects of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capacity in athletesJ Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). (2001)
  3. Spiering BA, et al.: Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)

BCAA 3:1:2

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre workout, post workout, recovery

SERIES:

Core

BCAA 3:1:2 SUMMARY:

MusclePharm BCAA 3:1:2 offers a unique patent-pending ratio — 3 Leucine, 1 Isoleucine, 2 Valine — that is specifically tuned to deliver the ideal amounts of these three proteins (amino acids) during all phases of muscle development and maintenance. Through this formulation, amino acids are released both before and after a workout. MP BCAA minimizes muscle damage, while supporting increased lean body mass.

BCAA 3:1:2 BENEFITS:
  • Promote muscle development and maintenance
  • Patent-pending 3:1:2 BCAA ratio
  • Supports lean mass growth
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Convenient powder form
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING BCAA 3:1:2:

Individuals who want the benefits of a patented BCAA blend in a convenient powder form and who are looking to gain muscle mass, recover faster, and decrease muscle breakdown.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN BCAA 3:1:2:

3:1:2 BCAA ratio (leucine, isoleucine, valine):

This patented ratio of BCAAs is based on the most abundant amino acids found in certain complete proteins such as whey, beef, and egg.

Leucine:

Leucine is one of the essential amino acids that helps induce muscle growth. Leucine has the capacity to stimulate muscle growth (protein synthesis) and has been suggested to slow muscle damage after intense training.[1,2]

Isoleucine:

Isoleucine helps create the energy (glucose) your body burns for energy.[3,4]

Valine:

Like leucine and isoleucine, valine encourages muscle tissue growth while providing energy from energy (glucose) creation. It also acts as a facilitator for normal growth and a reparative agent for various tissues in the body.[5,6,7]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (2 scoops) of BCAA 3:1:2™ mixed into 10-12 oz. of cold water. Consume 1 serving one to three times daily. For optimal use, take between meals, 30-45 minutes before workouts, and/or immediately after workouts.

REFERENCES:
  1. J. Rosenthal, et al: Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscleAmerican Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.
  2. L. Combaret, et al: Human Nutrition Research Centre of Clermont-Ferrand: A leucine-supplemented diet restores the defective postprandial inhibition of proteasome-dependent proteolysis in aged rat skeletal muscleJournal of Physiology Volume 569, issue 2, p. 489-499.
  3. Ra, S. G., Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Nagayama, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, S: Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exerciseAdv Exp Med Biol, 776, 179-187. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6093-0_18
  4. Hsu, M. C., Chien, K. Y., Hsu, C. C., Chung, C. J., Chan, K. H., & Su, B: Effects of BCAA, arginine and carbohydrate combined drink on post-exercise biochemical response and psychological conditionChin J Physiol, 54(2), 71-78.
  5. Murin, R., Mohammadi, G., Leibfritz, D., & Hamprecht, B: Glial metabolism of isoleucineNeurochem Res, 34(1), 194-204. doi: 10.1007/s11064-008-9840-4
  6. Bednarek-Skublewska, A., Swatowski, A., Wawrzycki, S., Baranowicz-Gaszczyk, I., & Ksiazek: Concentrations of branched amino acids: isoleucine, valine, leucine in serum of hemodialysis patients during one-year observationAnn Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med, 57(2), 322-329.
  7. Markovitz, L. J., Hasin, Y., Dann, E. J., Gotsman, M. S., & Freund, H. R: The different effects of leucine, isoleucine, and valine on systolic properties of the normal and septic isolated rat heartJ Surg Res, 38(3), 231-236.

COCO PROTEIN

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Ready-To-Drink Protein

COCO PROTEIN SUMMARY:

Coco Protein™ is the first sports drink that gives you both protein and coconut water in one convenient drink created for every type of fitness enthusiast lifestyle. Whether you’re running, lifting, hiking, on the beach or on the road, each serving provides important vitamins, minerals and 20g of real milk protein to build lean muscle, increase your endurance, fuel recovery and stay hydrated.

COCO PROTEIN BENEFITS:
  • 20g of real milk protein
  • Excellent source of potassium and magnesium
  • Promotes lean muscle
  • Combined benefits of hydration and recovery
  • Lactose and Gluten free
  • All natural: No artificial flavoring
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COCO PROTEIN:

Those interested in the combined benefits of rehydration and recovery and want a ready to drink protein source composed of high quality, natural ingredients.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COCO PROTEIN:

Milk Protein:

Milk protein is composed of whey and casein proteins which help build lean muscle while its vitamins and minerals keep the body healthy and fuel recovery.[1]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or a typical sports drink.[2]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as magnesium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[3,4]

REFERENCES:
  1. Farup, J., Rahbek, S. K., Vendelbo, M. H., Matzon, A., Hindhede, J., Bejder, A., Vissing, K. (2013). Whey protein hydrolysate augments tendon and muscle hypertrophy independent of resistance exercise contraction modeScand J Med Sci Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12083
  2. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluidN Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  3. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  4. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.

ENERGY SPORT/ENERGY SPORT ZERO

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Energy Drink

ENERGY SPORT SUMMARY:

MusclePharm Energy Sport is backed by real science – clinically-proven, performance-enhancing ingredients delivering a critical advantage for athletes of all types.

ENERGY SPORT BENEFITS:
  • Enhances energy
  • Increases endurance and stamina
  • Improves reaction time and focus
  • Delays fatigue
  • Clinincally proven, performance enhacing ingredients
  • Zero calories, zero sugar, zero carbs (Energy Sport Zero only)
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ENERGY SPORT:

Those interested in a performance-enhancing energy drink to use in the gym, on the field, or on the go.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN ENERGY SPORT:

Green tea extract, ginseng, and guarana:

These key ingredients in Energy Sport provide 120mg of caffeine from natural sources. Clinical trials confirm that caffeine can improve endurance, strength, and focus while delaying fatigue[1]

B-vitamin complex & Taurine:

Promotes mental focus, supports energy levels and has antioxidant properties.  B-Vitamins help convert our food into fuel, allowing us to stay energized throughout the day while Taurine may aid mental performance.[2-4]

Carnosyn beta-alanine:

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[5-11]

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Ra, S. G., Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Nagayama, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, S: Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exercise. Adv Exp Med Biol, 776, 179-187. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6093-0_18
  3. Beyranvand MR, et alEffect of taurine supplementation on exercise capacity of patients with heart failureJ Cardiol. (2011)
  4. Balshaw TG, et alThe effect of acute taurine ingestion on 3-km running performance in trained middle-distance runnersAmino Acids. (2012)
  5. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  6. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  7. Spradley BDCrowley KRTai CYKendall KLFukuda DHEsposito ENMoon SEMoon JR: Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays
  8. fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance.Nutr Metab (Lond). 2012 Mar 30;9:28
  9. Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito: Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research.  
  10. Hoffman, et al: Beta-Alanine supplementation improves tactical performance but not cognitive function in combat soilders. Journal of International Society of Sports Nutrition
  11. Kern BD, Robinson TL. Effects of β-alanine supplementation on performance and body composition in collegiate wrestlers and football playersJ Strength Cond Res. (2011)

MUSCLE GEL

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre workout, Post workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

MUSCLEGEL SUMMARY:

MuscleGel is specifically designed to supply 22 grams of the highest quality protein available in a convenient, incredible-tasting, rapidly absorbing format using ProFusion gel solution. Use MuscleGel in place of any protein food choice in your healthy nutritional program.

MUSCLEGEL BENEFITS:
  • 22 grams of protein/0 grams of sugar
  • Easily digested and absorbed
  • Fast and convenient source of protein
  • Loaded with all nine essential amino acids and BCAAs
  • Helps build lean mass and quicken recovery
  • More protein than a whole chicken breast
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING MUSCLEGEL:

Individuals who want a substitute to proteins found in a regular diet or protein drink and are seeking a convenient, fast absorbing, high quality source of protein.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN MUSCLEGEL:

Whey protein hydrolysate:

Whey protein hydrolysates are pre-digested proteins (broken down into amino acids).  This breakdown leads to faster absorption by the body thus rapidly rebuilding and repairing muscles after a workout.[1]

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[2,3]

Profusion technology:

A molecular process whereby specific nutritional elements, such as high-quality protein or powerful energy-yielding nutritional substances, are suspended in a super-absorbent gel medium.

PRODUCT USAGE:

Consume 1 or more servings daily to fortify your protein intake, or as needed to satisfy your protein or muscle-building nutritional needs.

REFERENCES:
  1. Farup, J., Rahbek, S. K., Vendelbo, M. H., Matzon, A., Hindhede, J., Bejder, A., Vissing, K. (2013). Whey protein hydrolysate augments tendon and muscle hypertrophy independent of resistance exercise contraction modeScand J Med Sci Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12083
  2. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adultsJ Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  3. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus proteinInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270. 

AMINO 1 BLACK

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout, During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Black Label

AMINO 1 BLACK SUMMARY:

Amino 1 Black is an all-in-one recovery and hydration formula, loaded with the most advanced ingredients and built on real science to fuel recovery on the field and in the gym.  Best of all Amino 1 Black has no proprietary blends

AMINO 1 BLACK BENEFITS:
  • No proprietary blends
  • 10 grams of amino acids to aid recovery
  • Hydrate with coconut water
  • Loaded with electrolytes
  • Zero sugar
  • Zero calories
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1 BLACK:

Those interested in a non-proprietary blend sports drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration, energy, and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN AMINO 1 BLACK:

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or a typical sports drink.[3]

Amino Acids:

Amino 1 contains over 10,000mg of amino acids (broken down proteins).  Amino acids serve as the “building blocks” for muscle repair and growth.  Amino acids can also be used as a source of energy.[4,5]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[6,7]

Glutamine:

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body.  Glutamine is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.[8]

L-Carnitine:

L-Carnitine may promote fat burning (oxidation) which could result in higher endurance performance.  It has also been shown to reduce markers of muscle damage.[9]

Caffeine Anhydrous:

Caffeine anhydrous is a powerful stimulant, and it can be used to improve physical strength and endurance.[10]

TeaCrine:

Teacrine works with the body’s natural metabolic processes to deliver longer lasting energy, increase mental clarity and improve mood and motivation.[11]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix one scoop of Amino 1 Black in 12-16 oz. of water and consume before, during, or after training.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluid. N Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damage. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
  6. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  7. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages. Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.
  1. Cha YS, et al.: Effects of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capacity in athletesJ Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). (2001)
  2. Spiering BA, et al.: Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)
  3. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  4. Habowski, S. M., Sandrock, J. E., Kedia, A. W., & Ziegenfuss, T. N. (2014). The effects of TeacrineTM, a nature-identical purine alkaloid, on subjective measures of cognitive function, psychometric and hemodynamic indices in healthy humans: a randomized, double-blinded crossover pilot trial. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition11(Suppl 1), P49.

COMBAT BLACK

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout, Mass Gainer

SERIES:

Black Label

COMBAT BLACK SUMMARY:

This is the go-to for athletes looking for the best weight gain and muscle-building formula. Combat Black contains only the most advanced ingredients and is built on real science.  High in calories, protein, loaded with good fats and carbs, with the added performance blend of creatine and glutamine.

COMBAT BLACK BENEFITS:
  • 1100 calories
  • 55 grams of protein
  • 2 grams of creatine
  • 5 grams of glutamine
  • Healthy fats and carb blend
  • Low sugar
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT BLACK:

Individuals who want the highest quality, fastest digesting protein sources and ingredients that can contribute to muscle repair, growth, and recovery.  Those with higher protein and calorie requirements may also benefit from taking Combat Black.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN COMBAT BLACK:
Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[1,2]

Whey protein concentrate:

Whey protein concentrate is the most common form of whey protein, a byproduct of cheese production.  Whey protein concentrate is the closest to whole food compared to other forms of protein and is 75-85% pure.[3]

Glutamine:

L-Glutamine has been found to support a healthy immune systems. Some suggest L-Glutamine helps with recovery.[4]

Creatine Monohydrate:

Creatine monohydrate is the purest form of creatine and serves as an immediate reserve for energy (ATP) during exercise.  It also supports an increased training capacity and muscle mass.[5]

Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT):

Studies suggest replacing calories with MCTs without exceeding daily caloric requirements can result in a small, but significant, increase in the rate of fat loss over time.[6]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 4 scoops (262g) of Combat Black Weight Gainer in 12-16 oz. of water and consume 1-3 times daily.  To increase your protein intake per serving and achieve a delicious milkshake taste, use skim or low fat milk.

REFERENCES:
  1. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  2. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus protein. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270.
  3. Smith-Ryan, Abbie E., and Antonio, Jose: Sports Nutrition & Performance Enhancing Supplements.Ronkonkoma, NY: Linus Learning; 2013:35.
  4. Glutamine: University of Maryland Medical Center. 2011-05-24. 
  5. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis, Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2007, 4:6 (30 August 2007).
  6. Han, Jian Rong, et al. “Effects of dietary medium-chain triglyceride on weight loss and insulin sensitivity in a group of moderately overweight free-living type 2 diabetic Chinese subjects.” Metabolism 56.7 (2007): 985-991.