AMINO 1 RTD

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Hybrid

AMINO 1 RTD SUMMARY

MusclePharm engineered Amino 1 to be THE ultimate recovery & hydration sports drink that tastes amazing. With Amino 1 RTD, MusclePharm puts the best hydration beverage on the market in the hands of the athlete on the go. Specially formulated for all athletes, quick-absorbing Amino 1 RTD brings stamina, hydration, muscle building and in-workout recovery in “1″ comprehensive formula.

AMINO 1 RTD BENEFITS:
  • Scientifically advanced endurance and recovery support
  • Support against muscular fatigue during & after exercise
  • Promote recovery & muscle building from training sessions
  • Caffeine & sugar free
  • The ultimate hydration and recovery system
  • Anti-muscle breakdown/muscle sparing effect
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1 RTD:

Those interested in an alternative to a typical sugary “sports” drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN AMINO 1 RTD:
BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or typical sports drink.[3]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium) have many roles in the body, including fluid balance, bone density, and muscular contraction.  When individuals exercise, electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[4,5]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Drink Amino 1 RTD before, during, or after a workout.  On non-training days, consume throughout the day.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluid. N Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damage. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:
  1. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.

AMINO 1

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Hybrid

AMINO 1 SUMMARY

MusclePharm engineered Amino 1 to be THE ultimate recovery & hydration sports drink that tastes amazing. Specially formulated for all athletes, quick-absorbing Amino 1 brings stamina, hydration, muscle building and in-workout recovery in “1″ comprehensive formula.

AMINO 1 BENEFITS:
  • Scientifically advanced endurance and recovery support
  • Support against muscular fatigue during & after exercise
  • Promote recovery & muscle building from training sessions
  • Caffeine & sugar free
  • The ultimate hydration and recovery system
  • Anti-muscle breakdown/muscle sparing effect
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1:

Those interested in an alternative to a typical sugary “sports” drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN AMINO 1:

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or typical sports drink.[3]

Amino Acids:

Amino 1 contains over 10,000mg of amino acids (broken down proteins).  Amino acids serve as the “building blocks” for muscle repair and growth.  Amino acids can also be used as a source of energy.[4,5]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[6,7]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[8]

L-Carnitine:

L-Carnitine may promote fat burning (oxidation) which could result in higher endurance performance.  It has also been shown to reduce markers of muscle damage.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (1 scoop) of Amino 1 mixed into 12-16 oz. of cold water, either before, during, or after a workout.  On non-training days, consume throughout the day.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluidN Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damageInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
  6. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  7. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.
  1. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  2. Cha YS, et al.: Effects of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capacity in athletesJ Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). (2001)
  3. Spiering BA, et al.: Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)

BATTLE FUEL XT

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Testosterone Booster

SERIES:

Hybrid

BATTLE FUEL XT SUMMARY:

Battle Fuel XT’s aggressive cutting edge formula is designed to promote and support all things male within you. Bolster performance and help build hard lean muscle. Battle Fuel XT feeds anabolism and promotes strength. The result? Build lean mass and strength while supporting testosterone levels.

BATTLE FUEL XT BENEFITS:
  • Advanced 4 stage testosterone system
  • Increases strength, muscle growth, and hardness
  • Supports estrogen regulation and anabolic processes
  • Contains 3 grams of the patented ingredient DAA
  • Supports energy, sexual health, and neurological functions
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING BATTLE FUEL XT:

Individuals interested in maintaining/increasing natural testosterone levels while increasing muscular growth and strength.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN BATTLE FUEL XT:

Testosterone Amplifier:

The main ingredient, D-Aspartic Acid (DAA), found in this blend may help raise and optimize natural testosterone levels. [1]

Muscular Growth Complex:

Suma Extract and Maca 4:1, two of the ingredients found in this complex may help with cardiovascular function, immune system function, and digestion while promoting improved endurance and energy.[2,3]

Testosterone Activator:

The testosterone activator blend contains N-acetyl Carnitine which may help increase energy and have significant effects on healthy neurological function while Anacyclus Pyrethrum has been shown to support increased natural testosterone levels.[4,5]

Anti-Aromatase and Estrogen Suppression Matrix:

Indole-3-Carbonal has numerous health benefits and can help lower estrogen levels while DIM (Diindolylmethane) supports the hormonal system and helps eliminate active estrogen, leading to a healthier testosterone balance.[6]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Adults (Male): Take one serving (8 capsules per day): 4 capsules in the morning and 4 capsules mid-afternoon, or before exercise. This product should not be consumed for more than 4 consecutive weeks with a 2-4 week wash out period between cycles.

REFERENCES:
  1. Topo E, et alThe role and molecular mechanism of D-aspartic acid in the release and synthesis of LH and testosterone in humans and ratsReprod Biol Endocrinol. (2009)
  2. Gorelick-Feldman J, et alPhytoecdysteroids increase protein synthesis in skeletal muscle cellsJ Agric Food Chem. (2008)
  3. Stone M, et alA pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmenJ Ethnopharmacol. (2009)
  4. Wall BT, et alChronic oral ingestion of L-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humansJ Physiol. (2011)
  5. Boonen J, et alLC-MS N-alkylamide profiling of an ethanolic Anacyclus pyrethrum root extractPlanta Med. (2012)
  6. Lo R, Matthews J. A new class of estrogen receptor beta-selective activatorsMol Interv. (2010)

BCAA 3:1:2

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre workout, post workout, recovery

SERIES:

Core

BCAA 3:1:2 SUMMARY:

MusclePharm BCAA 3:1:2 offers a unique patent-pending ratio — 3 Leucine, 1 Isoleucine, 2 Valine — that is specifically tuned to deliver the ideal amounts of these three proteins (amino acids) during all phases of muscle development and maintenance. Through this formulation, amino acids are released both before and after a workout. MP BCAA minimizes muscle damage, while supporting increased lean body mass.

BCAA 3:1:2 BENEFITS:
  • Promote muscle development and maintenance
  • Patent-pending 3:1:2 BCAA ratio
  • Supports lean mass growth
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Convenient powder form
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING BCAA 3:1:2:

Individuals who want the benefits of a patented BCAA blend in a convenient powder form and who are looking to gain muscle mass, recover faster, and decrease muscle breakdown.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN BCAA 3:1:2:

3:1:2 BCAA ratio (leucine, isoleucine, valine):

This patented ratio of BCAAs is based on the most abundant amino acids found in certain complete proteins such as whey, beef, and egg.

Leucine:

Leucine is one of the essential amino acids that helps induce muscle growth. Leucine has the capacity to stimulate muscle growth (protein synthesis) and has been suggested to slow muscle damage after intense training.[1,2]

Isoleucine:

Isoleucine helps create the energy (glucose) your body burns for energy.[3,4]

Valine:

Like leucine and isoleucine, valine encourages muscle tissue growth while providing energy from energy (glucose) creation. It also acts as a facilitator for normal growth and a reparative agent for various tissues in the body.[5,6,7]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (2 scoops) of BCAA 3:1:2™ mixed into 10-12 oz. of cold water. Consume 1 serving one to three times daily. For optimal use, take between meals, 30-45 minutes before workouts, and/or immediately after workouts.

REFERENCES:
  1. J. Rosenthal, et al: Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscleAmerican Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.
  2. L. Combaret, et al: Human Nutrition Research Centre of Clermont-Ferrand: A leucine-supplemented diet restores the defective postprandial inhibition of proteasome-dependent proteolysis in aged rat skeletal muscleJournal of Physiology Volume 569, issue 2, p. 489-499.
  3. Ra, S. G., Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Nagayama, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, S: Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exerciseAdv Exp Med Biol, 776, 179-187. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6093-0_18
  4. Hsu, M. C., Chien, K. Y., Hsu, C. C., Chung, C. J., Chan, K. H., & Su, B: Effects of BCAA, arginine and carbohydrate combined drink on post-exercise biochemical response and psychological conditionChin J Physiol, 54(2), 71-78.
  5. Murin, R., Mohammadi, G., Leibfritz, D., & Hamprecht, B: Glial metabolism of isoleucineNeurochem Res, 34(1), 194-204. doi: 10.1007/s11064-008-9840-4
  6. Bednarek-Skublewska, A., Swatowski, A., Wawrzycki, S., Baranowicz-Gaszczyk, I., & Ksiazek: Concentrations of branched amino acids: isoleucine, valine, leucine in serum of hemodialysis patients during one-year observationAnn Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med, 57(2), 322-329.
  7. Markovitz, L. J., Hasin, Y., Dann, E. J., Gotsman, M. S., & Freund, H. R: The different effects of leucine, isoleucine, and valine on systolic properties of the normal and septic isolated rat heartJ Surg Res, 38(3), 231-236.

COCO PROTEIN

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Ready-To-Drink Protein

COCO PROTEIN SUMMARY:

Coco Protein™ is the first sports drink that gives you both protein and coconut water in one convenient drink created for every type of fitness enthusiast lifestyle. Whether you’re running, lifting, hiking, on the beach or on the road, each serving provides important vitamins, minerals and 20g of real milk protein to build lean muscle, increase your endurance, fuel recovery and stay hydrated.

COCO PROTEIN BENEFITS:
  • 20g of real milk protein
  • Excellent source of potassium and magnesium
  • Promotes lean muscle
  • Combined benefits of hydration and recovery
  • Lactose and Gluten free
  • All natural: No artificial flavoring
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COCO PROTEIN:

Those interested in the combined benefits of rehydration and recovery and want a ready to drink protein source composed of high quality, natural ingredients.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COCO PROTEIN:

Milk Protein:

Milk protein is composed of whey and casein proteins which help build lean muscle while its vitamins and minerals keep the body healthy and fuel recovery.[1]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or a typical sports drink.[2]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as magnesium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[3,4]

REFERENCES:
  1. Farup, J., Rahbek, S. K., Vendelbo, M. H., Matzon, A., Hindhede, J., Bejder, A., Vissing, K. (2013). Whey protein hydrolysate augments tendon and muscle hypertrophy independent of resistance exercise contraction modeScand J Med Sci Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12083
  2. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluidN Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  3. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  4. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.

COMBAT 100% CASEIN

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

COMBAT CASEIN SUMMARY:

MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Casein protein delivers a sustained, slow release of protein and amino acids. We start with the best micellar casein protein available, then combine it with a digestive enzyme blend to help with digestion and absorption of the muscle-promoting proteins.

COMBAT CASEIN BENEFITS:
  • 100% micellar casein
  • Ideal nighttime protein source before bed
  • Repair and rebuild muscle
  • Delivers 28 grams of slow digesting protein
  • Added digestive enzyme blend
  • Gluten-Free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT CASEIN:

Individuals who need a gluten free, slow digesting protein source to repair and rebuild muscle over several hours (i.e. during sleep/between meals).

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT CASEIN:

Micellar casein protein:

Caesin protein digests slowly and releases valuable proteins (amino acids) over several hours. This slow release of proteins may protect muscle tissue.[1]

Protease, lactase:

Protease and lactase help aid in protein digestion and absorption.  These ingredients (enzymes) may help those individuals who experience nausea, cramping, or bloating when consuming whey proteins.[2]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix one scoop with 8-10 fl. oz. of water, milk, fruit juice, or your favorite beverage. Take MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Casein before bed and/or between meals when slow-digesting protein is required.

REFERENCES:
  1. Res, Peter T., Bart Groen, Bart Pennings, Milou Beelen, Gareth A. Wallis, Annemie P. Gijsen, Joan M. G. Senden, and Luc J. C. Van Loon. Protein Ingestion before Sleep Improves Postexercise Overnight RecoveryMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 44.8 (2012): 1560-569. Web.
  2. J WitteM LloydV LorenzsonnH Korsmo, and W OlsenThe biosynthetic basis of adult lactase deficiencyJ Clin Invest. Oct 1990; 86(4): 1338–1342.

COMBAT 100% ISOLATE

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES

Hybrid

COMBAT ISOLATE SUMMARY:

MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Isolate is scientifically-engineered to deliver a whopping 24 grams of 100% whey isolate protein per 27 gram serving. That’s high-quality protein with no added fillers—no competitor comes close to delivering an ultra-premium, clean formula that also contains zero fat, carbohydrates, sugar and gluten.

COMBAT ISOLATE BENEFITS:
  • 100% whey isolate
  • Ultra-fast release protein to accelerate muscle protein synthesis
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Supports muscle recovery
  • 24 grams of protein…zero carbs, zero fat, zero sugar, no fillers
  • Gluten-Free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT ISOLATE:

Individuals who need a fast acting, high quality, pure protein source to support muscle building and recovery

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT ISOLATE:

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[1,2]

PRODUCT USAGE:

As a dietary supplement, mix 1 scoop of COMBAT 100% ISOLATE with 6-8 fl. oz. of cold water, milk, juice or any beverage of your choice. Vary the amount of water to achieve your desired consistency and taste. To increase your protein intake per serving and to achieve an amazing milkshake taste, use non-fat or low fat milk.

REFERENCES:
  1. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adultsJ Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  2. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus proteinInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270. 

COMBAT CRUNCH BAR

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

COMBAT CRUNCH BAR SUMMARY:

The only triple-layered protein bar on the market, Combat Crunch bars are high protein, with low active carbs and tons of fiber. Best of all, they only have 210 calories. Unlike hard-paste, “taffy-like” sports bars, Combat Crunch(TM) is like eating a soft-batch cookie.

COMBAT CRUNCH BAR BENEFITS:
  • Multi-layer baked protein bar
  • 20 grams of high quality protein
  • High fiber
  • Low sugar and net carbs
  • Only 210 calories
  • Delicious taste
  • Gluten free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT CRUNCH BARS:

Individuals seeking a quick and delicious protein source and want an alternative to a traditional protein shake or bar.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY  BLENDS IN COMBAT CRUNCH BARS:

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[1,2]

Milk protein isolate:

Milk protein is a relatively unprocessed form of dairy protein, consisting of both whey protein and casein protein in approximately a 20/80 ratio.[3]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Consume 1 or more servings daily to fortify your protein intake, or as needed to satisfy your protein or muscle-building nutritional needs.

REFERENCES:
  1. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adultsJ Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  2. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus proteinInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270.
  3. Lorenzen J, et alThe effect of milk proteins on appetite regulation and diet-induced thermogenesisEur J Clin Nutr. (2012)

COMBAT PROTEIN

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

COMBAT SUMMARY:

People who train hard demand a superior and more effective protein. To maximize lean muscle growth and recovery ensuring proper protein utilization, MusclePharm scientists fortifi­ed Combat Protein Powder with a variety of protein blends that digest at varying rates, for up to 8 hours.

COMBAT BENEFITS:
  • 25 grams of high quality protein
  • Fast, medium, and slow-releasing proteins
  • Added digestive blend for ease of absorption
  • 5 powerful proteins plus added BCAA’s
  • Helps build lean muscle mass
  • Gluten free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT:

Individual or athletes who want a high quality multiple protein source that “feeds” muscles over a longer period of time (compared to traditional protein powders) and that can contribute to muscle repair and growth.  Those with higher protein requirements (i.e. body builders) who cannot consume enough protein from their regular diet may also benefit from taking combat.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT:

Whey protein hydrolysate:

Whey protein hydrolysates are pre-digested proteins (broken down into amino acids).  This breakdown leads to faster absorption by the body thus rapidly rebuilding and repairing muscles after a workout.[1]

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[2,3]

Whey protein concentrate:

Whey protein concentrate is the most common form of whey protein, a byproduct of cheese production.  Whey protein concentrate is the closest to whole food compared to other forms of protein and is 75-85% pure.[4]

Egg albumin protein:

Egg albumin protein is easily digested, absorbed, and tolerated by most individuals.  Egg albumin is high in BCAAs and arginine, contributing to hormone production and muscle building.[5]

Micellar casein protein:

Casein protein digests slowly and releases valuable proteins (amino acids) over several hours. This slow release of proteins may protect muscle tissue.[6]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine) and Glutamine:

The BCAAs l-leucine, l-isoleucine, and l-valine maintain, repair and build muscle tissue. L-leucine has been suggested to support muscle repair and growth. L-Glutamine has been found to support a healthy immune systems. Some suggest L-Glutamine helps with recovery.[7,8]

Protease, lactase:

Protease and lactase help aid in protein digestion and absorption.  These ingredients (enzymes) may help those individuals who experience nausea, cramping, or bloating when consuming whey proteins.[9]

L-Arginine:

L-Arginine supports blood flow to and from muscles. L-Arginine also triggers the body to make protein and has been studied for potential applications in healing wounds, bodybuilding, and preventing tissue wasting in people with critical illnesses.[10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

As a dietary supplement, mix 1 to 2 scoops of combat protein powder with 8-12 fl. oz. of cold water. Vary the amount of water to achieve your desired consistency and taste. Consume 2-3 times a day for optimal muscle growth.

REFERENCES:
  1. Farup, J., Rahbek, S. K., Vendelbo, M. H., Matzon, A., Hindhede, J., Bejder, A., Vissing, K. (2013). Whey protein hydrolysate augments tendon and muscle hypertrophy independent of resistance exercise contraction modeScand J Med Sci Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12083
  2. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adultsJ Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  3. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus proteinInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270.
  4. Smith-Ryan, Abbie E., and Antonio, JoseSports Nutrition & Performance Enhancing Supplements.Ronkonkoma, NY: Linus Learning; 2013:35.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The Amino Acid Content of Foods and Biological Data on Proteins, Nutritional Study #24. Rome (1970). UNIPUB, Inc., 4611-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706
  6. Res, Peter T., Bart Groen, Bart Pennings, Milou Beelen, Gareth A. Wallis, Annemie P. Gijsen, Joan M. G. Senden, and Luc J. C. Van Loon. Protein Ingestion before Sleep Improves Postexercise Overnight RecoveryMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 44.8 (2012): 1560-569. Web.
  7. Glutamine: University of Maryland Medical Center. 2011-05-24.
  8. J. Rosenthal, et al. Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscleAmerican Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.
  9. J Witte, M Lloyd, V Lorenzsonn, H Korsmo, and W Olsen: The biosynthetic basis of adult lactase deficiencyJ Clin Invest. Oct 1990; 86(4): 1338–1342.
  10. Hamel FG, Upward JL, Siford GL, Duckworth WC. Inhibition of proteasome activity by selected amino acids. Metabolism. 2003; 52(7):810–814.

FISH OIL

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Vitamin

SERIES:

Core

FISH OIL SUMMARY:

MusclePharm fish oil is a high-potency Nordic fish oil product that is high in DHA/EPA. These essential fatty acids (omega-3-fats) facilitate an overall decrease in fat and cholesterol consumption from your omega intake.

FISH OIL BENEFITS:
  • 1000mg of fish oil (EPA/DHA)
  • Supports heart, brain, vision, and joint health
  • May reduce lipid count and reduce plaque buildup
  • Reduces the risk of diabetes and several forms of cancer
  • Enteric coated citrus flavored fish oil (no fish burps)
  • Purified Nordic fish oil (high quality)
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING FISH OIL:

Individuals who are not able to obtain enough omega-3-fats through a regular diet and want the associated benefits of fish oil consumption.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN FISH OIL:

Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA):

DHA is an omega-3-fat (fatty acid) that has a positive effect on diseases such as high blood pressure, arthritis, atherosclerosis, depression, adult-onset diabetes, heart attacks, and some cancers.[1-6]

Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA):

Another of the omega-3-fats; EPA is a potent anti-inflammatory and important for healthy brain function, eye health, and the entire central nervous system.[7-13]

PRODUCT USAGE:

As a dietary supplement, take one soft gel three times daily, preferably with a meal.

REFERENCES:
  1. Kaur G, et alDocosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3): a review of its biological effectsProg Lipid Res. (2011)
  2. Horrocks LA, Yeo YK: Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)Pharmacol Res. 1999 Sep;40(3):211-25.
  3. Hansen JB, et alComparative effects of prolonged intake of highly purified fish oils as ethyl ester or triglyceride on lipids, haemostasis and platelet function in normolipaemic men.Eur J Clin Nutr. (1993)
  4. Bernstein AM, et alA meta-analysis shows that docosahexaenoic acid from algal oil reduces serum triglycerides and increases HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in persons without coronary heart diseaseJ Nutr. (2012)
  5. Mayurasakorn K, et alDocosahexaenoic acid: brain accretion and roles in neuroprotection after brain hypoxia and ischemiaCurr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. (2011)
  6. Kinsella JE, Broughton KS, Whelan JW. Dietary unsaturated fatty acids: interactions and possible needs in relation to eicosanoid synthesisJ Nutr Biochem. (1990)
  7. Simopoulos AP. Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and developmentAm J Clin Nutr. (1991)
  8. Zulyniak MA, et alFish oil supplementation alters circulating eicosanoid concentrations in young healthy menMetabolism. (2013)
  9. Lorente-Cebrián S, et alEicosapentaenoic acid inhibits tumour necrosis factor-α-induced lipolysis in murine cultured adipocytesJ Nutr Biochem. (2012)
  10. van de Rest O, et alEffect of fish oil on cognitive performance in older subjects: a randomized, controlled trialNeurology. (2008)
  11. Youdim KA, Martin A, Joseph JA. Essential fatty acids and the brain: possible health implicationsInt J Dev Neurosci. (2000)
  12. Wei MY, Jacobson TA. Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid versus docosahexaenoic acid on serum lipids: a systematic review and meta-analysisCurr Atheroscler Rep. (2011)
  13. Eslick GD, et alBenefits of fish oil supplementation in hyperlipidemia: a systematic review and meta-analysisInt J Cardiol. (2009)