ASSAULT

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

ASSAULT SUMMARY:

Assault’s pre-workout formulation is the most advanced and complete pre-workout system on the market.  Precision-engineered to give athletes the ultimate performance advantage over the competition.  Assault’s 5-Stage delivery system addresses every angle of performance.

ASSAULT’S BENEFITS:
  • Increased energy
  • Increased performance
  • Increased size/strength/muscular endurance
  • Improved focus, reaction time, and agility
  • Decreased fatigue and enhanced recovery
  • No “crash” caffeine
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT:

Anyone who wants to improve their workout through increased energy and improved focus while delaying muscle fatigue.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ASSAULT:

PurEnergy:

A form of caffeine that lasts up to 8 times longer than normal caffeine, without the typical caffeine “crash.” Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[1]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[2,3]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[4]

Creatine Nitrate:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[5,6,7]

Glutamine:

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body.  Glutamine is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.[8]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of ASSAULT in 8-12 oz of water 20-30 minutes before training.  For optimal results drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  3. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  4. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  5. Greenhaff PL, et alEffect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  6. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  7. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  8. Bowtell JL, et alEffect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exerciseJ Appl Physiol. (1999)
  9. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  10. Blomstrand E, et alBranched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exerciseJ Nutr. (2006)
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:

Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research(2014).

Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon SE, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutrition and Metabolism (2013).

ENERGY SPORT/ENERGY SPORT ZERO

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Energy Drink

ENERGY SPORT SUMMARY:

MusclePharm Energy Sport is backed by real science – clinically-proven, performance-enhancing ingredients delivering a critical advantage for athletes of all types.

ENERGY SPORT BENEFITS:
  • Enhances energy
  • Increases endurance and stamina
  • Improves reaction time and focus
  • Delays fatigue
  • Clinincally proven, performance enhacing ingredients
  • Zero calories, zero sugar, zero carbs (Energy Sport Zero only)
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ENERGY SPORT:

Those interested in a performance-enhancing energy drink to use in the gym, on the field, or on the go.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN ENERGY SPORT:

Green tea extract, ginseng, and guarana:

These key ingredients in Energy Sport provide 120mg of caffeine from natural sources. Clinical trials confirm that caffeine can improve endurance, strength, and focus while delaying fatigue[1]

B-vitamin complex & Taurine:

Promotes mental focus, supports energy levels and has antioxidant properties.  B-Vitamins help convert our food into fuel, allowing us to stay energized throughout the day while Taurine may aid mental performance.[2-4]

Carnosyn beta-alanine:

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[5-11]

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Ra, S. G., Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Nagayama, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, S: Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exercise. Adv Exp Med Biol, 776, 179-187. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6093-0_18
  3. Beyranvand MR, et alEffect of taurine supplementation on exercise capacity of patients with heart failureJ Cardiol. (2011)
  4. Balshaw TG, et alThe effect of acute taurine ingestion on 3-km running performance in trained middle-distance runnersAmino Acids. (2012)
  5. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  6. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  7. Spradley BDCrowley KRTai CYKendall KLFukuda DHEsposito ENMoon SEMoon JR: Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays
  8. fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance.Nutr Metab (Lond). 2012 Mar 30;9:28
  9. Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito: Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research.  
  10. Hoffman, et al: Beta-Alanine supplementation improves tactical performance but not cognitive function in combat soilders. Journal of International Society of Sports Nutrition
  11. Kern BD, Robinson TL. Effects of β-alanine supplementation on performance and body composition in collegiate wrestlers and football playersJ Strength Cond Res. (2011)

FITMISS IGNITE

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre Workout

IGNITE SUMMARY:

Pre-workout energy drinks deliver a motivational boost. But most are designed for men. Designed for women, FitMiss Ignite supports converting fat into energy, improving endurance and promoting healthy body composition.

IGNITE BENEFITS:
  • Pre workout specifically designed for women
  • Increased energy and workout motivation
  • Ignite fat loss and build a lean physique
  • Delays muscle fatigue
  • Great tasting
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING IGNITE:

Women who want an effective pre-workout supplement that does not contain ingredients (i.e. creatine) that aid in muscle/weight gain

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN IGNITE:

Beta Alanine:

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance.[1]

L-carnitine:

L-Carnitine may promote fat burning (oxidation) which could result in higher endurance performance.  It has also been shown to reduce markers of muscle damage.[2]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[3]

Caffeine anhydrous:

Caffeine anhydrous is a powerful stimulant, and it can be used to improve physical strength and endurance.[4]

PRODUCT USAGE:

As a dietary supplement, Mix one serving (1 scoop) of Ignite in 14-16 oz of water, 20-30 minutes before exercise. For best results, drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  2. Spiering BA, et al.: Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)
  3. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  4. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance

FITMISS TYTE

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Weight loss, Diuretic

TYTE SUMMARY:

FitMiss TYTE supports healthy urinary tract functioning while facilitating the natural elimination of excess water and toxins. Key ingredients like cranberry fruit extract, dandelion extract and uva ursi help promote the kidneys’ ability to eliminate excess sodium and water from the body and reduce bloating, giving your physique optimal definition and slimming effects.

TYTE BENEFITS:
  • Women’s water & bloat management diuretic
  • Tighten, tone, define with mineral support
  • Eliminate excess water
  • Reduces bloating
  • Naturally supports fluid balance
  • Maintain a healthy urinary tract
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING TYTE:

Women who want a stimulant free diuretic (water elimination).

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS FOUND IN TYTE:

Cranberry Fruit Extract:

Cranberry fruit extract is an excellent antioxidant that has been shown to help support urinary tract health.[1]

Uva Ursi:

Uva-ursi extract contains arbutin, a natural compound with strong diuretic properties (water eliminating).[2]

Dandelion Extract:

Dandelion extract contains powerful diuretic compounds called taraxasterols that support the secretion of excess water. Dandelion is one of the most popular natural diuretics.[2]

Vitamin B6:

Vitamin B6 is essential for balancing sodium and potassium levels in the body and also responsible for the production of monamine neurotransmitters such as adrenaline, serotonin, and dopamine.[3,4]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one serving (2 capsules) with 16 oz. of water twice a day–once in the morning and once in the afternoon. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water daily. Do not exceed recommended dosage.

REFERENCES:
  1. Jepson, RG; Williams, G; Craig, JC (Oct 17, 2012). “Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections“. In Jepson, Ruth G. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) 10: CD001321. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001321.pub5
  2. Clare BAConroy RSSpelman KThe diuretic effect in human subjects of an extract of Taraxacum officinale folium over a single dayJ Altern Complement Med. 2009 Aug;15(8):929-34. doi: 10.1089/acm.2008.0152
  3. Mappouras DG1, Stiakakis J, Fragoulis EG. Purification and characterization of L-dopa decarboxylase from human kidneyMol Cell Biochem. (1990)
  4. Sharma SK1, Dakshinamurti K. Effects of serotonergic agents on plasma prolactin levels in pyridoxine-deficient adult male ratsNeurochem Res. (1994)

GAINZ

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Post-Workout

SERIES:

Hardcore Series

GAINZ SUMMARY:

This isn’t your average post-workout muscle builder. This is the most advanced, harder-hitting and packed with the best ingredients—“best” meaning no BS proprietary blends. Post-Workout Gainz ™ is the answer to getting through those grueling workouts, fueling recovery and building muscle.

GAINZ BENEFITS:
  • No proprietary blends
  • 6 grams of BCAAs                                                      
  • 2 grams of Carnosyn Beta-Alanine
  • 2 grams of creatine HCL
  • Improves recovery and builds muscle
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING GAINZ:

Individuals who are looking for a post workout supplement that addresses all areas of muscle refueling and recovery.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN GAINZ:
Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[1,2]

Creatine HCL:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[3,4,5]

Glutamine:

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body.  Glutamine is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.[6]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[7,8]

BioPerine Black Pepper:

BioPerine significantly enhances the bioavailability of various supplement nutrients through increased absorption.[9]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of post-workout Gainz in 10-12 oz. of water and drink immediately post workout.

REFERENCES:
  1. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  2. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  3. Greenhaff PL, et al: Effect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  4. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  5. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  6. Bowtell JL, et al: Effect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exerciseJ Appl Physiol. (1999)
  7. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  8. Blomstrand E, et alBranched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exerciseJ Nutr. (2006)
  9. Johnson JJ, et al. Enhancing the bioavailability of resveratrol by combining it with piperine. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2011; 55(8):1169-76.

WRECKAGE

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hardcore Series

WRECKAGE SUMMARY:

Pre-workout Wreckage is the most advanced, most hard-hitting pre-workout and is packed with only the best ingredients. No proprietary blends.  Wreckage allows you to push the limits that would break the average person.

WRECKAGE BENEFITS:
  • No proprietary blends
  • 6 grams of citrulline malate                                                  
  • 4 grams of L-leucine
  • 3 grams of D-aspartic acid
  • Increases energy, focus, and muscular pumps
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING WRECKAGE:

Individuals who are looking for a pre-workout supplement that will increase energy, focus, and strength while providing key ingredients to delay fatigue and promote recovery.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN WRECKAGE:

Leucine:

Leucine is one of the essential amino acids that helps induce muscle growth. Leucine has the capacity to stimulate muscle growth (protein synthesis) and has been suggested to slow muscle damage after intense training.[1,2]

Citrulline Malate:

Citrulline malate which may help replenish energy and fuel ongoing muscular contractions for more intense training sessions.[3]

D-Aspartic Acid

D-Aspartic Acid (DAA) may help raise and optimize natural testosterone levels.[4]

Caffeine Anhydrous

Caffeine anhydrous is a powerful stimulant, and it can be used to improve physical strength and endurance.[5]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[6,7]

Creatine HCL:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[8,9,10] 

BioPerine Black Pepper:

BioPerine significantly enhances the bioavailability of various supplement nutrients through increased absorption.[11]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of pre-workout Wreckage in 12-14 oz. of water 20-30 minutes before training

REFERENCES:
  1. Rosenthal, et al: Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscle. American Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.
  2. L. Combaret, et al: Human Nutrition Research Centre of Clermont-Ferrand: A leucine-supplemented diet restores the defective postprandial inhibition of proteasome-dependent proteolysis in aged rat skeletal muscle. Journal of Physiology Volume 569, issue 2, p. 489-499.
  3. Pérez-Guisado J, Jakeman PM: Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 May;24(5):1215-22.
  4. Topo E, et alThe role and molecular mechanism of D-aspartic acid in the release and synthesis of LH and testosterone in humans and ratsReprod Biol Endocrinol. (2009)
  5. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio:International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  6. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  7. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  8. Greenhaff PL, et al: Effect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  9. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  10. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  11. Johnson JJ, et al. Enhancing the bioavailability of resveratrol by combining it with piperine. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2011; 55(8):1169-76.

 

AMINO 1 BLACK

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout, During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Black Label

AMINO 1 BLACK SUMMARY:

Amino 1 Black is an all-in-one recovery and hydration formula, loaded with the most advanced ingredients and built on real science to fuel recovery on the field and in the gym.  Best of all Amino 1 Black has no proprietary blends

AMINO 1 BLACK BENEFITS:
  • No proprietary blends
  • 10 grams of amino acids to aid recovery
  • Hydrate with coconut water
  • Loaded with electrolytes
  • Zero sugar
  • Zero calories
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1 BLACK:

Those interested in a non-proprietary blend sports drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration, energy, and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN AMINO 1 BLACK:

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or a typical sports drink.[3]

Amino Acids:

Amino 1 contains over 10,000mg of amino acids (broken down proteins).  Amino acids serve as the “building blocks” for muscle repair and growth.  Amino acids can also be used as a source of energy.[4,5]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[6,7]

Glutamine:

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body.  Glutamine is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.[8]

L-Carnitine:

L-Carnitine may promote fat burning (oxidation) which could result in higher endurance performance.  It has also been shown to reduce markers of muscle damage.[9]

Caffeine Anhydrous:

Caffeine anhydrous is a powerful stimulant, and it can be used to improve physical strength and endurance.[10]

TeaCrine:

Teacrine works with the body’s natural metabolic processes to deliver longer lasting energy, increase mental clarity and improve mood and motivation.[11]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix one scoop of Amino 1 Black in 12-16 oz. of water and consume before, during, or after training.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluid. N Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damage. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
  6. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  7. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages. Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.
  1. Cha YS, et al.: Effects of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capacity in athletesJ Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). (2001)
  2. Spiering BA, et al.: Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)
  3. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  4. Habowski, S. M., Sandrock, J. E., Kedia, A. W., & Ziegenfuss, T. N. (2014). The effects of TeacrineTM, a nature-identical purine alkaloid, on subjective measures of cognitive function, psychometric and hemodynamic indices in healthy humans: a randomized, double-blinded crossover pilot trial. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition11(Suppl 1), P49.

ASSAULT BLACK

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Black Label

ASSAULT BLACK SUMMARY:

Assault Black’s all-in-one pre-workout formula is loaded with the most advanced ingredients and built on real science. It’s time to boost your workouts and fuel your grind on the field and in the gym or ring—best of all, Assault Black has NO Proprietary blends. This is a game changer for athletes. It will allow you to push the limits further than ever before.

ASSAULT BLACK BENEFITS:
  • No proprietary blends
  • 3 grams of citrulline malate
  • 2 grams of beta-alanine
  • 750mg of Agmatine sulfate
  • Increases energy, focus, strength, and muscular pumps
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT BLACK:

Individuals who are looking for a pre-workout supplement without proprietary blends that will increase energy, focus, and strength while providing key ingredients to delay fatigue and promote recovery.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN ASSAULT BLACK:
BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[1,2]

Citrulline Malate:

Citrulline malate may help replenish energy and fuel ongoing muscular contractions for more intense training sessions.[3]

Agmatine Sulfate:

Agmatine stimulates many processes that are essential during a hard training session for optimal vasodilation (pump) and energy.[4]

Caffeine Anhydrous:

Caffeine anhydrous is a powerful stimulant, and it can be used to improve physical strength and endurance.[5]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[6,7]

Creatine HCL:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[8,9,10]

elevATP:

elevATP is a clinically researched ingredient that works with our natural energy-producing mechanisms to stimulate production of ATP (the energy currency of the body).[11]

BioPerine Black Pepper:

BioPerine significantly enhances the bioavailability of various supplement nutrients through increased absorption.[12]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of Assault Black in 12-16 oz. of water and consume 20-30 minutes before training.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Blomstrand E, et alBranched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exerciseJ Nutr. (2006)
  3. Pérez-Guisado J, Jakeman PM: Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 May;24(5):1215-22.
  4. Gao, Y., B. Gumusel, et al. (1995). “Agmatine: a novel endogenous vasodilator substance.” Life Sci 57(8): PL83-86.
  5. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  6. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  7. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  8. Greenhaff PL, et al: Effect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  9. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  10. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  11. Reyes-Izquierdo, T., et al. “The effect of elevATP™ on whole blood ATP levels: a single dose, crossover clinical study.” J. Aging Res. Clin. Practice 3.1 (2014): 56-60.
  12. Johnson JJ, et al. Enhancing the bioavailability of resveratrol by combining it with piperine. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2011; 55(8):1169-76.

OXYSPORT BLACK

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Weight Loss, Fat Loss

SERIES

Black Label

OXYSPORT BLACK SUMMARY:

This is the next level in thermogenics and fat loss. A thermogenesis breakthrough, OxySport Black™ increases your body’s temperature while providing clean energy and focus. Utilizing innovative ingredients backed by real science, this is the first thermogenic built for athletes. OxySport Black allows your system to burn fat while maintaining that lean body you worked so hard for. This is a game changer for athletes’ fat loss. It gives you a safe and effective way to burn fat and maximize your potential.

OXYSPORT BLACK BENEFITS:
  • No proprietary blends
  • 450mg of sinetrol
  • 100mg of teacrine
  • 100mg of capsimax
  • Helps manage appetite
  • Supports a healthy metabolism
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING OXYSPORT BLACK:

Those interested in a non-proprietary blend weight/fat loss supplement with clinically proven, innovative ingredients.

KEY INGREDIENTS IN OXYSPORT BLACK:
L-Carnitine L-Tartrate:

Increases energy via the transport of fatty acids into muscle cellular mitochondria (uses fat for energy).[1]

Sinetrol:

A patented weight loss ingredient shown in clinical studies to encourage lipolysis (use fat for energy) while reducing abdominal fat, waist size, and hip size.[2]

Lipase:

Lipase aids in the digestion of fats and may be effective for weight loss due to reducing the caloric influence of excess food.[3]

PureEnergy:

A form of caffeine that lasts up to 8 times longer than normal caffeine, without the typical caffeine “crash.” Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[4]

Capsimax:

Capsimax is a highly concentrated natural capsicum fruit and potent thermogenic that can aid in burning body fat.[5]

Teacrine:

Teacrine works with the body’s natural metabolic processes to deliver longer lasting energy, increased mental clarity and improve mood and motivation.[6]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Consume one serving (3 capsules) of OxySport Black with 8 oz of water twice daily.  Consume the first serving 30-45 minutes before breakfast and the second serving 30-45 minutes before lunch.  Do not consume within 6 hours before bed

REFERENCES:
  1. Broad EM1, Maughan RJ, Galloway SD. Carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism during exercise after oral carnitine supplementation in humans.
  2. Clinical study to assess the efficacy and safety of a citrus polyphenolic extract of red orange, grapefruit, and orange (Sinetrol-XPur) on weight management and metabolic parameters in healthy overweight individuals. Phytother Res. 2014 Feb;28(2):212-8. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4981
  3. Heck AM; Yanovski JA; Calis KA. Orlistat, a new lipase inhibitor for the management of obesity. Pharmacother. 2000 Mar;20(3):270-279.
  4. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  5. Bloomer RJCanale REShastri S, Suvarnapathki S: Effect of oral intake of capsaicinoid beadlets on catecholamine secretion and blood markers of lipolysis in healthy adults: a randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind, cross-over study.  Lipids Health Dis. 2010 Jul 15;9:72. doi: 10.1186/1476-511X-9-72.
  6. Habowski, S. M., Sandrock, J. E., Kedia, A. W., & Ziegenfuss, T. N. (2014). The effects of TeacrineTM, a nature-identical purine alkaloid, on subjective measures of cognitive function, psychometric and hemodynamic indices in healthy humans: a randomized, double-blinded crossover pilot trial. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition11(Suppl 1), P49.