Combat Pro-Gel

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

MUSCLEGEL SUMMARY:

Combat Pro-Gel is specifically designed to supply 22 grams of the highest quality protein available in a convenient, incredible-tasting, rapidly absorbing format using ProFusion gel solution. Use Combat Pro-Gel in place of any protein food choice in your healthy nutritional program.

COMBAT PRO-GEL BENEFITS:
  • 22 grams of protein/0 grams of sugar
  • Easily digested and absorbed
  • Fast and convenient source of protein
  • Loaded with all nine essential amino acids and BCAAs
  • Helps build lean mass and quicken recovery
  • More protein than a whole chicken breast
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT PRO-GEL:

Individuals who want a substitute to proteins found in a regular diet or protein drink and are seeking a convenient, fast absorbing, high quality source of protein.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT PRO-GEL:

Whey protein hydrolysate:

Whey protein hydrolysates are pre-digested proteins (broken down into amino acids).  This breakdown leads to faster absorption by the body thus rapidly rebuilding and repairing muscles after a workout.[1]

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[2,3]

Profusion technology:

A molecular process whereby specific nutritional elements, such as high-quality protein or powerful energy-yielding nutritional substances, are suspended in a super-absorbent gel medium.

PRODUCT USAGE:

Consume 1 or more servings daily to fortify your protein intake, or as needed to satisfy your protein or muscle-building nutritional needs.

REFERENCES:
  1. Farup, J., Rahbek, S. K., Vendelbo, M. H., Matzon, A., Hindhede, J., Bejder, A., Vissing, K. (2013). Whey protein hydrolysate augments tendon and muscle hypertrophy independent of resistance exercise contraction mode. Scand J Med Sci Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12083
  2. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  3. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus protein. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270.

COMBAT 100% WHEY

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

COMBAT 100% WHEY SUMMARY:

MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Whey is scientifically-engineered to deliver a whopping 25 grams of 100% whey protein per serving. That’s high-quality protein with no added fillers—no competitor comes close to delivering an ultra-premium, clean formula that also contains zero fat, carbohydrates, sugar and gluten.

COMBAT 100% WHEY BENEFITS:
  • Ultra-fast release protein to accelerate muscle protein synthesis
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Supports muscle recovery
  • Gluten-Free and Casein-Free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT 100% WHEY:

Individuals who need a fast acting, high quality, pure protein source to support muscle building and recovery.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT 100% WHEY:

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[1,2]

Whey protein concentrate:

Whey protein concentrate is the most common form of whey protein, a byproduct of cheese production.  Whey protein concentrate is the closest to whole food compared to other forms of protein and is 75-85% pure.[3]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine) and Glutamine:

The BCAAs l-leucine, l-isoleucine, and l-valine maintain, repair and build muscle tissue. L-leucine directly stimulates protein synthesis, resulting in lean mass gains. Glutamine helps with recovery after exercise and can contribute to the health of an athlete’s immune system.[4,5]

PRODUCT USAGE:

As a dietary supplement, mix 1 scoop of COMBAT 100% WHEY with 6-8 fl. oz. of cold water, milk, juice or any beverage of your choice. Vary the amount of water to achieve your desired consistency and taste. To increase your protein intake per serving and to achieve an amazing milkshake taste, use milk instead of water.

REFERENCES:
  1. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  2. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus protein. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270. 
  3. Smith-Ryan, Abbie E., and Antonio, Jose: Sports Nutrition & Performance Enhancing Supplements.Ronkonkoma, NY: Linus Learning; 2013:35.
  4. Glutamine: University of Maryland Medical Center. 2011-05-24.
  5. J. Rosenthal, et al. Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscle. American Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.

ASSAULT RTD

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

ASSAULT RTD SUMMARY:

Assault RTD delivers the most advanced pre-workout system on the market in a grab and go package ideal for today’s busy lifestyle.  Precision-engineered to give athletes the ultimate performance advantage over the competition.  Assault RTD enhances the before, during, and after of your workout to help you get the very best results.

ASSAULT RTD’S BENEFITS:
  • Increased energy
  • Increased performance
  • Improved nutrient delivery/waste removal through increased blood flow
  • Increased size/strength/muscular endurance
  • Improved focus, reaction time, and agility
  • Decreased fatigue and enhanced recovery
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT RTD:

Anyone who wants to improve their workout through increased energy and improved focus while delaying muscle fatigue.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ASSAULT RTD:

Caffeine:

Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[1]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[2,3]

Citrulline Malate/Beet root extract:

Citrulline malate increases nitric oxide production, which increases blood flow through dilation of blood vessels[4]. Nitrates also increase nitric oxide and are found naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[5]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (increase muscle protein synthesis and decrease protein degradation) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[6,7]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Drink ASSAULT RTD 20-30 minutes before training.  For optimal results drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell, Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscle. Biochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  3. Walter AA, et al: Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in women. J Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  4. Schwedhelm E, et al: Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics properties or oral L-citrulline and L-arginine: impact on nitric oxide metabolism. Br J Clin Pharmacol. (2007)
  5. Larsen FJ, et al: Effects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exercise. Acta Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  6. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. (1997)
  7. Blomstrand E, et al: Branched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exercise. J Nutr. (2006)
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:
  1. Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research. (2014).
  2. Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon SE, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutrition and Metabolism (2013).

AMINO 1 RTD

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Hybrid

AMINO 1 RTD SUMMARY

MusclePharm engineered Amino 1 to be THE ultimate recovery & hydration sports drink that tastes amazing. With Amino 1 RTD, MusclePharm puts the best hydration beverage on the market in the hands of the athlete on the go. Specially formulated for all athletes, quick-absorbing Amino 1 RTD brings stamina, hydration, muscle building and in-workout recovery in “1″ comprehensive formula.

AMINO 1 RTD BENEFITS:
  • Scientifically advanced endurance and recovery support
  • Support against muscular fatigue during & after exercise
  • Promote recovery & muscle building from training sessions
  • Caffeine & sugar free
  • The ultimate hydration and recovery system
  • Anti-muscle breakdown/muscle sparing effect
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1 RTD:

Those interested in an alternative to a typical sugary “sports” drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN AMINO 1 RTD:
BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or typical sports drink.[3]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium) have many roles in the body, including fluid balance, bone density, and muscular contraction.  When individuals exercise, electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[4,5]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Drink Amino 1 RTD before, during, or after a workout.  On non-training days, consume throughout the day.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluid. N Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damage. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:
  1. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.

AMINO 1

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Hybrid

AMINO 1 SUMMARY

MusclePharm engineered Amino 1 to be THE ultimate recovery & hydration sports drink that tastes amazing. Specially formulated for all athletes, quick-absorbing Amino 1 brings stamina, hydration, muscle building and in-workout recovery in “1″ comprehensive formula.

AMINO 1 BENEFITS:
  • Scientifically advanced endurance and recovery support
  • Support against muscular fatigue during & after exercise
  • Promote recovery & muscle building from training sessions
  • Caffeine & sugar free
  • The ultimate hydration and recovery system
  • Anti-muscle breakdown/muscle sparing effect
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1:

Those interested in an alternative to a typical sugary “sports” drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN AMINO 1:

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or typical sports drink.[3]

Amino Acids:

Amino 1 contains over 10,000mg of amino acids (broken down proteins).  Amino acids serve as the “building blocks” for muscle repair and growth.  Amino acids can also be used as a source of energy.[4,5]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[6,7]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[8]

L-Carnitine:

L-Carnitine may promote fat burning (oxidation) which could result in higher endurance performance.  It has also been shown to reduce markers of muscle damage.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (1 scoop) of Amino 1 mixed into 12-16 oz. of cold water, either before, during, or after a workout.  On non-training days, consume throughout the day.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluidN Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damageInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
  6. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  7. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.
  1. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  2. Cha YS, et al.: Effects of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capacity in athletesJ Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). (2001)
  3. Spiering BA, et al.: Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)

ARMOR-V

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Vitamin

SERIES:

Hybrid

ARMOR-V SUMMARY:

With a blend of vitamins, minerals, fats and probiotics, Armor-V advanced multi-nutrient complex is a blend of over 25 vegetable and fruit concentrates that will deliver results to help support your goals.

ARMOR-V BENEFITS:
  • Complete whole food vitamin delivers total immune support
  • B vitamins add energy and support metabolism
  • Healthy fats promote weight loss, cell fluidity, and total health
  • Greens and probiotics enhance immunity, assist in digestion and absorption, and help keep stomach bacteria in check
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ARMOR-V:

Anyone who wants a complete, food based multi-vitamin.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ARMOR-V:

Omega 3-6-9 blend:

The omega 3-6-9 complex contains ingredients such as fish and coconut oil that are “good” fats (omega fatty acids).  These fatty acids may help increase cardiovascular health, reduce pain and inflammation, and improve mental health.[1,2]

V-F power system blend:

The V-F (vegetable and fruit) blend contains ingredients derived from whole foods such as kelp, spinach, and cranberry.  The combination of these and other ingredients found in the V-F blend may help boost immunity, lower cholesterol, and provide a good source of anti-oxidants (vitamin C).[3,4]

Antioxidant blend:

Lycopene and lutein, the main ingredients found in the antioxidant blend, support eye health, help supplement diets low in green leafy vegetables, and may lower the risk of heart disease.[5,6]

Pro-biotic and immune enhancer blend:

This blend provides over 3 billion active agents (probiotics) that support a healthy gut, improve digestive functions, and boost immunity.[7]

Armor blend:

The Armor blend contain ingredients such as turmeric and quercetin that may help fight infections, reduce inflammation, and improve exercise performance.[8,9]

System maintenance and detoxifying blend:

The detoxifying blend contains several key ingredients like milk thistle seed and saw palmetto that help cleanse (detoxify) the internal systems of the body (i.e. liver, urinary track).[10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take 1 serving (6 capsules) daily.  For competitions and intense training sessions take 2 servings daily split equally.

REFERENCES:
  1. Enig MG, Atal S, Sampugna J, Keeney M: Isomeric trans fatty acids in the US diet. J Am Coll Nutr 9:471–486.
  2. Zulyniak MA, Perreault M, Gerling C, Spriet LL, Mutch DM: Fish oil supplementation alters circulating eicosanoid concentrations in young healthy menMetabolism. 2013 Aug;62(8):1107-13.
  3. Lau VW, Journoud M, Jones PJ.: Plant sterols are efficacious in lowering plasma LDL and non-HDL cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic type 2 diabetic and nondiabetic personsAm J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jun;81(6):1351-8.
  4. Basu A, Betts NM, Ortiz J, Simmons B, Wu M, Lyons TJ: Low-energy cranberry juice decreases lipid oxidation and increases plasma antioxidant capacity in women with metabolic syndromeNutr Res. 2011 Mar;31(3):190-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2011.02.003.
  5. Li SY, Fung FK, Fu ZJ, Wong D, Chan HH, Lo AC : Anti-inflammatory effects of lutein in retinal ischemic/hypoxic injury: in vivo and in vitro studiesInvest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Sep 6;53(10):5976-84.
  6. Rafi MM, Kanakasabai S, Reyes MD, Bright JJ: Lycopene modulates growth and survival associated genes in prostate cancerJ Nutr Biochem. 2013 Jun 5. pii: S0955-2863(13)00072-7
  7. Niedzielin K, Kordecki H, Birkenfeld B: A controlled, double-blind, randomized study on the efficacy of Lactobacillus plantarum 299V in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2001 Oct;13(10):1143-7.
  8. Maciel RM, Costa MM, Martins DB, França RT, Schmatz R, Graça DL, Duarte MM, Danesi CC, Mazzanti CM, Schetinger MR, Paim FC, Palma HE, Abdala FH, Stefanello N, Zimpel CK, Felin DV, Lopes ST: Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of quercetin in functional and morphological alterations in streptozotocin-induced diabetic ratsRes Vet Sci. 2013 May 21.
  9. Ramadan G, Al-Kahtani MA, El-Sayed WM : Anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties of Curcuma longa (turmeric) versus Zingiber officinale (ginger) rhizomes in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis. Inflammation. 2011 Aug;34(4):291-301. doi: 10.1007/s10753-010-9278-0.
  10. Silvestri I, Cattarino S, Aglianò A, Nicolazzo C, Scarpa S, Salciccia S, Frati L, Gentile V, Sciarra A: Effect of Serenoa repens (Permixon(R)) on the expression of inflammation-related genes: analysis in primary cell cultures of human prostate carcinomaJ Inflamm (Lond). 2013 Mar 14;10(1):11.

ASSAULT

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

ASSAULT SUMMARY:

Assault’s pre-workout formulation is the most advanced and complete pre-workout system on the market.  Precision-engineered to give athletes the ultimate performance advantage over the competition.  Assault’s 5-Stage delivery system addresses every angle of performance.

ASSAULT’S BENEFITS:
  • Increased energy
  • Increased performance
  • Increased size/strength/muscular endurance
  • Improved focus, reaction time, and agility
  • Decreased fatigue and enhanced recovery
  • No “crash” caffeine
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT:

Anyone who wants to improve their workout through increased energy and improved focus while delaying muscle fatigue.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ASSAULT:

PurEnergy:

A form of caffeine that lasts up to 8 times longer than normal caffeine, without the typical caffeine “crash.” Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[1]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[2,3]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[4]

Creatine Nitrate:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[5,6,7]

Glutamine:

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body.  Glutamine is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.[8]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of ASSAULT in 8-12 oz of water 20-30 minutes before training.  For optimal results drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  3. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  4. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  5. Greenhaff PL, et alEffect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  6. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  7. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  8. Bowtell JL, et alEffect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exerciseJ Appl Physiol. (1999)
  9. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  10. Blomstrand E, et alBranched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exerciseJ Nutr. (2006)
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:

Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research(2014).

Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon SE, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutrition and Metabolism (2013).

BATTLE FUEL XT

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Testosterone Booster

SERIES:

Hybrid

BATTLE FUEL XT SUMMARY:

Battle Fuel XT’s aggressive cutting edge formula is designed to promote and support all things male within you. Bolster performance and help build hard lean muscle. Battle Fuel XT feeds anabolism and promotes strength. The result? Build lean mass and strength while supporting testosterone levels.

BATTLE FUEL XT BENEFITS:
  • Advanced 4 stage testosterone system
  • Increases strength, muscle growth, and hardness
  • Supports estrogen regulation and anabolic processes
  • Contains 3 grams of the patented ingredient DAA
  • Supports energy, sexual health, and neurological functions
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING BATTLE FUEL XT:

Individuals interested in maintaining/increasing natural testosterone levels while increasing muscular growth and strength.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN BATTLE FUEL XT:

Testosterone Amplifier:

The main ingredient, D-Aspartic Acid (DAA), found in this blend may help raise and optimize natural testosterone levels. [1]

Muscular Growth Complex:

Suma Extract and Maca 4:1, two of the ingredients found in this complex may help with cardiovascular function, immune system function, and digestion while promoting improved endurance and energy.[2,3]

Testosterone Activator:

The testosterone activator blend contains N-acetyl Carnitine which may help increase energy and have significant effects on healthy neurological function while Anacyclus Pyrethrum has been shown to support increased natural testosterone levels.[4,5]

Anti-Aromatase and Estrogen Suppression Matrix:

Indole-3-Carbonal has numerous health benefits and can help lower estrogen levels while DIM (Diindolylmethane) supports the hormonal system and helps eliminate active estrogen, leading to a healthier testosterone balance.[6]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Adults (Male): Take one serving (8 capsules per day): 4 capsules in the morning and 4 capsules mid-afternoon, or before exercise. This product should not be consumed for more than 4 consecutive weeks with a 2-4 week wash out period between cycles.

REFERENCES:
  1. Topo E, et alThe role and molecular mechanism of D-aspartic acid in the release and synthesis of LH and testosterone in humans and ratsReprod Biol Endocrinol. (2009)
  2. Gorelick-Feldman J, et alPhytoecdysteroids increase protein synthesis in skeletal muscle cellsJ Agric Food Chem. (2008)
  3. Stone M, et alA pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmenJ Ethnopharmacol. (2009)
  4. Wall BT, et alChronic oral ingestion of L-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humansJ Physiol. (2011)
  5. Boonen J, et alLC-MS N-alkylamide profiling of an ethanolic Anacyclus pyrethrum root extractPlanta Med. (2012)
  6. Lo R, Matthews J. A new class of estrogen receptor beta-selective activatorsMol Interv. (2010)

BCAA 3:1:2

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre workout, post workout, recovery

SERIES:

Core

BCAA 3:1:2 SUMMARY:

MusclePharm BCAA 3:1:2 offers a unique patent-pending ratio — 3 Leucine, 1 Isoleucine, 2 Valine — that is specifically tuned to deliver the ideal amounts of these three proteins (amino acids) during all phases of muscle development and maintenance. Through this formulation, amino acids are released both before and after a workout. MP BCAA minimizes muscle damage, while supporting increased lean body mass.

BCAA 3:1:2 BENEFITS:
  • Promote muscle development and maintenance
  • Patent-pending 3:1:2 BCAA ratio
  • Supports lean mass growth
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Convenient powder form
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING BCAA 3:1:2:

Individuals who want the benefits of a patented BCAA blend in a convenient powder form and who are looking to gain muscle mass, recover faster, and decrease muscle breakdown.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN BCAA 3:1:2:

3:1:2 BCAA ratio (leucine, isoleucine, valine):

This patented ratio of BCAAs is based on the most abundant amino acids found in certain complete proteins such as whey, beef, and egg.

Leucine:

Leucine is one of the essential amino acids that helps induce muscle growth. Leucine has the capacity to stimulate muscle growth (protein synthesis) and has been suggested to slow muscle damage after intense training.[1,2]

Isoleucine:

Isoleucine helps create the energy (glucose) your body burns for energy.[3,4]

Valine:

Like leucine and isoleucine, valine encourages muscle tissue growth while providing energy from energy (glucose) creation. It also acts as a facilitator for normal growth and a reparative agent for various tissues in the body.[5,6,7]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (2 scoops) of BCAA 3:1:2™ mixed into 10-12 oz. of cold water. Consume 1 serving one to three times daily. For optimal use, take between meals, 30-45 minutes before workouts, and/or immediately after workouts.

REFERENCES:
  1. J. Rosenthal, et al: Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscleAmerican Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.
  2. L. Combaret, et al: Human Nutrition Research Centre of Clermont-Ferrand: A leucine-supplemented diet restores the defective postprandial inhibition of proteasome-dependent proteolysis in aged rat skeletal muscleJournal of Physiology Volume 569, issue 2, p. 489-499.
  3. Ra, S. G., Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Nagayama, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, S: Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exerciseAdv Exp Med Biol, 776, 179-187. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6093-0_18
  4. Hsu, M. C., Chien, K. Y., Hsu, C. C., Chung, C. J., Chan, K. H., & Su, B: Effects of BCAA, arginine and carbohydrate combined drink on post-exercise biochemical response and psychological conditionChin J Physiol, 54(2), 71-78.
  5. Murin, R., Mohammadi, G., Leibfritz, D., & Hamprecht, B: Glial metabolism of isoleucineNeurochem Res, 34(1), 194-204. doi: 10.1007/s11064-008-9840-4
  6. Bednarek-Skublewska, A., Swatowski, A., Wawrzycki, S., Baranowicz-Gaszczyk, I., & Ksiazek: Concentrations of branched amino acids: isoleucine, valine, leucine in serum of hemodialysis patients during one-year observationAnn Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med, 57(2), 322-329.
  7. Markovitz, L. J., Hasin, Y., Dann, E. J., Gotsman, M. S., & Freund, H. R: The different effects of leucine, isoleucine, and valine on systolic properties of the normal and septic isolated rat heartJ Surg Res, 38(3), 231-236.

CARNITINE CORE

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Weight loss

SERIES:

Core

CARNITINE CORE SUMMARY:

Carnitine Core assists in transporting fats into the mitochondria (the cells’ “power plant”) to make this process more effective. This amplifies an athlete’s ability to turn fat into muscular energy.  While the body produces carnitine naturally, many athletes supplement additional quantities of the amino acid.

CARNITINE CORE BENEFITS:
  • Helps utilize fat for energy
  • Helps reduce body fat
  • Helps athletic performance and endurance
  • Improves blood flow to working muscles
  • Amplifies metabolism
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING CARNITINE CORE:

Individuals that want to maximize weight loss from exercise.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN CARNITINE CORE:

Acetyl-L-Carnitine:

Acetyl-L-Carnitine is involved in energy production and cell protection.  It may also increase muscle cells (mitochondria) potential to burn fat.[1]

L-Carnitine-L-Tartrate:

This form of carnitine is bound to L-tartrate and used to facilitate absorption of L-Carnitine.  It is typically used to improve physical performance and power output.[2]

Propionyl-L-Carnitine:

This form of carnitine may alleviate pain caused by too little blood flow to muscles during exercise and other blood flow issues.[3]

Raspberry ketones:

Raspberry ketones may exert fat burning effects on various areas of the fat cell when taken in high doses.[4]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take 2 capsules 1-3 times daily with or without meals.

REFERENCES:
  1. Brandsch C, Eder K. Effect of L-carnitine on weight loss and body composition of rats fed a hypocaloric dietAnn Nutr Metab. (2002)
  2. Spiering BA, et alResponses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)
  3. Bloomer RJ, Smith WA, Fisher-Wellman KH. Glycine propionyl-L-carnitine increases plasma nitrate/nitrite in resistance trained menJ Int Soc Sports Nutr. (2007)
  4. Lopez HL, et alEight weeks of supplementation with a multi-ingredient weight loss product enhances body composition, reduces hip and waist girth, and increases energy levels in overweight men and womenJ Int Soc Sports Nutr. (2013)