Combat Pro-Gel

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

MUSCLEGEL SUMMARY:

Combat Pro-Gel is specifically designed to supply 22 grams of the highest quality protein available in a convenient, incredible-tasting, rapidly absorbing format using ProFusion gel solution. Use Combat Pro-Gel in place of any protein food choice in your healthy nutritional program.

COMBAT PRO-GEL BENEFITS:
  • 22 grams of protein/0 grams of sugar
  • Easily digested and absorbed
  • Fast and convenient source of protein
  • Loaded with all nine essential amino acids and BCAAs
  • Helps build lean mass and quicken recovery
  • More protein than a whole chicken breast
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT PRO-GEL:

Individuals who want a substitute to proteins found in a regular diet or protein drink and are seeking a convenient, fast absorbing, high quality source of protein.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT PRO-GEL:

Whey protein hydrolysate:

Whey protein hydrolysates are pre-digested proteins (broken down into amino acids).  This breakdown leads to faster absorption by the body thus rapidly rebuilding and repairing muscles after a workout.[1]

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[2,3]

Profusion technology:

A molecular process whereby specific nutritional elements, such as high-quality protein or powerful energy-yielding nutritional substances, are suspended in a super-absorbent gel medium.

PRODUCT USAGE:

Consume 1 or more servings daily to fortify your protein intake, or as needed to satisfy your protein or muscle-building nutritional needs.

REFERENCES:
  1. Farup, J., Rahbek, S. K., Vendelbo, M. H., Matzon, A., Hindhede, J., Bejder, A., Vissing, K. (2013). Whey protein hydrolysate augments tendon and muscle hypertrophy independent of resistance exercise contraction mode. Scand J Med Sci Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12083
  2. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  3. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus protein. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270.

COMBAT 100% WHEY

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

COMBAT 100% WHEY SUMMARY:

MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Whey is scientifically-engineered to deliver a whopping 25 grams of 100% whey protein per serving. That’s high-quality protein with no added fillers—no competitor comes close to delivering an ultra-premium, clean formula that also contains zero fat, carbohydrates, sugar and gluten.

COMBAT 100% WHEY BENEFITS:
  • Ultra-fast release protein to accelerate muscle protein synthesis
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Supports muscle recovery
  • Gluten-Free and Casein-Free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT 100% WHEY:

Individuals who need a fast acting, high quality, pure protein source to support muscle building and recovery.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT 100% WHEY:

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[1,2]

Whey protein concentrate:

Whey protein concentrate is the most common form of whey protein, a byproduct of cheese production.  Whey protein concentrate is the closest to whole food compared to other forms of protein and is 75-85% pure.[3]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine) and Glutamine:

The BCAAs l-leucine, l-isoleucine, and l-valine maintain, repair and build muscle tissue. L-leucine directly stimulates protein synthesis, resulting in lean mass gains. Glutamine helps with recovery after exercise and can contribute to the health of an athlete’s immune system.[4,5]

PRODUCT USAGE:

As a dietary supplement, mix 1 scoop of COMBAT 100% WHEY with 6-8 fl. oz. of cold water, milk, juice or any beverage of your choice. Vary the amount of water to achieve your desired consistency and taste. To increase your protein intake per serving and to achieve an amazing milkshake taste, use milk instead of water.

REFERENCES:
  1. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  2. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus protein. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270. 
  3. Smith-Ryan, Abbie E., and Antonio, Jose: Sports Nutrition & Performance Enhancing Supplements.Ronkonkoma, NY: Linus Learning; 2013:35.
  4. Glutamine: University of Maryland Medical Center. 2011-05-24.
  5. J. Rosenthal, et al. Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscle. American Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.

ASSAULT RTD

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

ASSAULT RTD SUMMARY:

Assault RTD delivers the most advanced pre-workout system on the market in a grab and go package ideal for today’s busy lifestyle.  Precision-engineered to give athletes the ultimate performance advantage over the competition.  Assault RTD enhances the before, during, and after of your workout to help you get the very best results.

ASSAULT RTD’S BENEFITS:
  • Increased energy
  • Increased performance
  • Improved nutrient delivery/waste removal through increased blood flow
  • Increased size/strength/muscular endurance
  • Improved focus, reaction time, and agility
  • Decreased fatigue and enhanced recovery
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT RTD:

Anyone who wants to improve their workout through increased energy and improved focus while delaying muscle fatigue.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ASSAULT RTD:

Caffeine:

Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[1]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[2,3]

Citrulline Malate/Beet root extract:

Citrulline malate increases nitric oxide production, which increases blood flow through dilation of blood vessels[4]. Nitrates also increase nitric oxide and are found naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[5]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (increase muscle protein synthesis and decrease protein degradation) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[6,7]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Drink ASSAULT RTD 20-30 minutes before training.  For optimal results drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell, Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscle. Biochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  3. Walter AA, et al: Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in women. J Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  4. Schwedhelm E, et al: Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics properties or oral L-citrulline and L-arginine: impact on nitric oxide metabolism. Br J Clin Pharmacol. (2007)
  5. Larsen FJ, et al: Effects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exercise. Acta Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  6. Blomstrand E, et al: Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. (1997)
  7. Blomstrand E, et al: Branched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exercise. J Nutr. (2006)
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:
  1. Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research. (2014).
  2. Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon SE, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutrition and Metabolism (2013).

AMINO 1

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

During Workout, Post Workout, Recovery, Hydration

SERIES:

Hybrid

AMINO 1 SUMMARY

MusclePharm engineered Amino 1 to be THE ultimate recovery & hydration sports drink that tastes amazing. Specially formulated for all athletes, quick-absorbing Amino 1 brings stamina, hydration, muscle building and in-workout recovery in “1″ comprehensive formula.

AMINO 1 BENEFITS:
  • Scientifically advanced endurance and recovery support
  • Support against muscular fatigue during & after exercise
  • Promote recovery & muscle building from training sessions
  • Caffeine & sugar free
  • The ultimate hydration and recovery system
  • Anti-muscle breakdown/muscle sparing effect
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING AMINO 1:

Those interested in an alternative to a typical sugary “sports” drink or individuals/athletes who want the combined benefits of hydration and recovery in one drink.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN AMINO 1:

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes and quicken recovery time.[1,2]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or typical sports drink.[3]

Amino Acids:

Amino 1 contains over 10,000mg of amino acids (broken down proteins).  Amino acids serve as the “building blocks” for muscle repair and growth.  Amino acids can also be used as a source of energy.[4,5]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[6,7]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[8]

L-Carnitine:

L-Carnitine may promote fat burning (oxidation) which could result in higher endurance performance.  It has also been shown to reduce markers of muscle damage.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (1 scoop) of Amino 1 mixed into 12-16 oz. of cold water, either before, during, or after a workout.  On non-training days, consume throughout the day.

REFERENCES:
  1. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  2. Jim Stoppani, Timothy Scheett, James Pena, Chuck Rudolph and Derek Charlebois: Consuming a supplement containing branched-chain amino acids during a resistance-training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss.
  3. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluidN Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  4. Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program.
  5. Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damageInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006, 16:620-635.
  6. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  7. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.
  1. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  2. Cha YS, et al.: Effects of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capacity in athletesJ Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). (2001)
  3. Spiering BA, et al.: Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrateJ Strength Cond Res. (2007)

ASSAULT

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre-Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

ASSAULT SUMMARY:

Assault’s pre-workout formulation is the most advanced and complete pre-workout system on the market.  Precision-engineered to give athletes the ultimate performance advantage over the competition.  Assault’s 5-Stage delivery system addresses every angle of performance.

ASSAULT’S BENEFITS:
  • Increased energy
  • Increased performance
  • Increased size/strength/muscular endurance
  • Improved focus, reaction time, and agility
  • Decreased fatigue and enhanced recovery
  • No “crash” caffeine
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING ASSAULT:

Anyone who wants to improve their workout through increased energy and improved focus while delaying muscle fatigue.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN ASSAULT:

PurEnergy:

A form of caffeine that lasts up to 8 times longer than normal caffeine, without the typical caffeine “crash.” Caffeine has been shown to increase energy and endurance, decrease fatigue, and improve focus.[1]

Beta-Alanine (Carnosyn):

Beta-alanine helps to delay fatigue (buffer lactic acid in muscles) and increase physical performance. Beta-alanine can aid lean mass gain.[2,3]

Nitrates:

Nitrates occur naturally in some foods such as beets.  Nitrates have been found to enhance muscle efficiency (lower the oxygen cost of exercise) and extend time to exhaustion.[4]

Creatine Nitrate:

A form of creatine that dissolves easier than creatine monohydrate.  This may lead to better absorption and lower dosages.  Creatine is the most effective and researched supplement today which has been shown to increase strength, power, lean mass, and performance.[5,6,7]

Glutamine:

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body.  Glutamine is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.[8]

BCAAs (L-Leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine):

Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) can promote muscle repair (muscle protein synthesis) and increase muscle growth over time. It can also be used to prevent fatigue in novice athletes.[9,10]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix 1 scoop of ASSAULT in 8-12 oz of water 20-30 minutes before training.  For optimal results drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

REFERENCES:
  1. Erica R Goldstein, Tim Ziegenfuss, Doug Kalman, Richard Kreider, Bill Campbell,Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Darryn Willoughby, Jeff Stout, B Sue Graves, Robert Wildman, John L Ivy, Marie Spano, Abbie E Smith and Jose Antonio: International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Abe H: Role of histidine-related compounds as intracellular proton buffering constituents in vertebrate muscleBiochemistry (Mosc). (2000)
  3. Walter AA, et alSix weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenJ Strength Cond Res. (2010)
  4. Larsen FJ, et alEffects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exerciseActa Physiol (Oxf). (2007)
  5. Greenhaff PL, et alEffect of oral creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle phosphocreatine resynthesisAm J Physiol. (1994)
  6. Dempsey RL, Mazzone MF, Meurer LN: Does oral creatine supplementation improve strength? A meta-analysisJ Fam Pract. (2002)
  7. Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis and Jose Antonio: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
  8. Bowtell JL, et alEffect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exerciseJ Appl Physiol. (1999)
  9. Blomstrand E, et alInfluence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exerciseActa Physiol Scand. (1997)
  10. Blomstrand E, et alBranched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exerciseJ Nutr. (2006)
MUSCLEPHARM STUDIES:

Kristina L. Kendall, Jordan R. Moon, Ciaran M. Fairman, Brandon D. Spradley, Chih-Yin Tai,  Paul H. Falcone, Laura R. Carson, Matt M. Mosman, Jordan M. Joy, Michael P. Kim, Eric R. Serrano, and Enrico N. Esposito. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine, amino acids, and B-vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutrition Research(2014).

Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon SE, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutrition and Metabolism (2013).

BCAA 3:1:2

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Pre workout, post workout, recovery

SERIES:

Core

BCAA 3:1:2 SUMMARY:

MusclePharm BCAA 3:1:2 offers a unique patent-pending ratio — 3 Leucine, 1 Isoleucine, 2 Valine — that is specifically tuned to deliver the ideal amounts of these three proteins (amino acids) during all phases of muscle development and maintenance. Through this formulation, amino acids are released both before and after a workout. MP BCAA minimizes muscle damage, while supporting increased lean body mass.

BCAA 3:1:2 BENEFITS:
  • Promote muscle development and maintenance
  • Patent-pending 3:1:2 BCAA ratio
  • Supports lean mass growth
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Convenient powder form
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING BCAA 3:1:2:

Individuals who want the benefits of a patented BCAA blend in a convenient powder form and who are looking to gain muscle mass, recover faster, and decrease muscle breakdown.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN BCAA 3:1:2:

3:1:2 BCAA ratio (leucine, isoleucine, valine):

This patented ratio of BCAAs is based on the most abundant amino acids found in certain complete proteins such as whey, beef, and egg.

Leucine:

Leucine is one of the essential amino acids that helps induce muscle growth. Leucine has the capacity to stimulate muscle growth (protein synthesis) and has been suggested to slow muscle damage after intense training.[1,2]

Isoleucine:

Isoleucine helps create the energy (glucose) your body burns for energy.[3,4]

Valine:

Like leucine and isoleucine, valine encourages muscle tissue growth while providing energy from energy (glucose) creation. It also acts as a facilitator for normal growth and a reparative agent for various tissues in the body.[5,6,7]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Take one (1) serving (2 scoops) of BCAA 3:1:2™ mixed into 10-12 oz. of cold water. Consume 1 serving one to three times daily. For optimal use, take between meals, 30-45 minutes before workouts, and/or immediately after workouts.

REFERENCES:
  1. J. Rosenthal, et al: Metabolic fate of leucine: A significant sterol precursor in adipose tissue and muscleAmerican Journal of Physiology Vol. 226, No. 2, p. 411-418.
  2. L. Combaret, et al: Human Nutrition Research Centre of Clermont-Ferrand: A leucine-supplemented diet restores the defective postprandial inhibition of proteasome-dependent proteolysis in aged rat skeletal muscleJournal of Physiology Volume 569, issue 2, p. 489-499.
  3. Ra, S. G., Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Nagayama, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, S: Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exerciseAdv Exp Med Biol, 776, 179-187. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6093-0_18
  4. Hsu, M. C., Chien, K. Y., Hsu, C. C., Chung, C. J., Chan, K. H., & Su, B: Effects of BCAA, arginine and carbohydrate combined drink on post-exercise biochemical response and psychological conditionChin J Physiol, 54(2), 71-78.
  5. Murin, R., Mohammadi, G., Leibfritz, D., & Hamprecht, B: Glial metabolism of isoleucineNeurochem Res, 34(1), 194-204. doi: 10.1007/s11064-008-9840-4
  6. Bednarek-Skublewska, A., Swatowski, A., Wawrzycki, S., Baranowicz-Gaszczyk, I., & Ksiazek: Concentrations of branched amino acids: isoleucine, valine, leucine in serum of hemodialysis patients during one-year observationAnn Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med, 57(2), 322-329.
  7. Markovitz, L. J., Hasin, Y., Dann, E. J., Gotsman, M. S., & Freund, H. R: The different effects of leucine, isoleucine, and valine on systolic properties of the normal and septic isolated rat heartJ Surg Res, 38(3), 231-236.

COCO PROTEIN

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Ready-To-Drink Protein

COCO PROTEIN SUMMARY:

Coco Protein™ is the first sports drink that gives you both protein and coconut water in one convenient drink created for every type of fitness enthusiast lifestyle. Whether you’re running, lifting, hiking, on the beach or on the road, each serving provides important vitamins, minerals and 20g of real milk protein to build lean muscle, increase your endurance, fuel recovery and stay hydrated.

COCO PROTEIN BENEFITS:
  • 20g of real milk protein
  • Excellent source of potassium and magnesium
  • Promotes lean muscle
  • Combined benefits of hydration and recovery
  • Lactose and Gluten free
  • All natural: No artificial flavoring
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COCO PROTEIN:

Those interested in the combined benefits of rehydration and recovery and want a ready to drink protein source composed of high quality, natural ingredients.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COCO PROTEIN:

Milk Protein:

Milk protein is composed of whey and casein proteins which help build lean muscle while its vitamins and minerals keep the body healthy and fuel recovery.[1]

Coconut Water Powder:

Coconut water contains a complete balance of electrolytes (minerals in your blood), which may maximize absorption and rehydrate better than water or a typical sports drink.[2]

Electrolytes:

Electrolytes, such as magnesium and potassium, help keep your body fluids balanced.  When individuals exercise electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to maintain balance.  Failure to replace electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and other adverse consequences.[3,4]

REFERENCES:
  1. Farup, J., Rahbek, S. K., Vendelbo, M. H., Matzon, A., Hindhede, J., Bejder, A., Vissing, K. (2013). Whey protein hydrolysate augments tendon and muscle hypertrophy independent of resistance exercise contraction modeScand J Med Sci Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12083
  2. Kuberski T, Roberts A, Linehan B, Bryden RN, Teburae M: Coconut water as a rehydration fluidN Z Med J 1979, 90(641):98-100
  3. J,Estevez E,Baquero E,Mora-Rodriguez R: Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 2008, 33 (2): 290–298
  4. Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR: An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages.Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13(1):47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47.

COMBAT 100% CASEIN

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

COMBAT CASEIN SUMMARY:

MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Casein protein delivers a sustained, slow release of protein and amino acids. We start with the best micellar casein protein available, then combine it with a digestive enzyme blend to help with digestion and absorption of the muscle-promoting proteins.

COMBAT CASEIN BENEFITS:
  • 100% micellar casein
  • Ideal nighttime protein source before bed
  • Repair and rebuild muscle
  • Delivers 28 grams of slow digesting protein
  • Added digestive enzyme blend
  • Gluten-Free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT CASEIN:

Individuals who need a gluten free, slow digesting protein source to repair and rebuild muscle over several hours (i.e. during sleep/between meals).

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT CASEIN:

Micellar casein protein:

Caesin protein digests slowly and releases valuable proteins (amino acids) over several hours. This slow release of proteins may protect muscle tissue.[1]

Protease, lactase:

Protease and lactase help aid in protein digestion and absorption.  These ingredients (enzymes) may help those individuals who experience nausea, cramping, or bloating when consuming whey proteins.[2]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Mix one scoop with 8-10 fl. oz. of water, milk, fruit juice, or your favorite beverage. Take MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Casein before bed and/or between meals when slow-digesting protein is required.

REFERENCES:
  1. Res, Peter T., Bart Groen, Bart Pennings, Milou Beelen, Gareth A. Wallis, Annemie P. Gijsen, Joan M. G. Senden, and Luc J. C. Van Loon. Protein Ingestion before Sleep Improves Postexercise Overnight RecoveryMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 44.8 (2012): 1560-569. Web.
  2. J WitteM LloydV LorenzsonnH Korsmo, and W OlsenThe biosynthetic basis of adult lactase deficiencyJ Clin Invest. Oct 1990; 86(4): 1338–1342.

COMBAT 100% ISOLATE

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES

Hybrid

COMBAT ISOLATE SUMMARY:

MusclePharm’s Combat 100% Isolate is scientifically-engineered to deliver a whopping 24 grams of 100% whey isolate protein per 27 gram serving. That’s high-quality protein with no added fillers—no competitor comes close to delivering an ultra-premium, clean formula that also contains zero fat, carbohydrates, sugar and gluten.

COMBAT ISOLATE BENEFITS:
  • 100% whey isolate
  • Ultra-fast release protein to accelerate muscle protein synthesis
  • Reduces muscle breakdown
  • Supports muscle recovery
  • 24 grams of protein…zero carbs, zero fat, zero sugar, no fillers
  • Gluten-Free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT ISOLATE:

Individuals who need a fast acting, high quality, pure protein source to support muscle building and recovery

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY BLENDS IN COMBAT ISOLATE:

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[1,2]

PRODUCT USAGE:

As a dietary supplement, mix 1 scoop of COMBAT 100% ISOLATE with 6-8 fl. oz. of cold water, milk, juice or any beverage of your choice. Vary the amount of water to achieve your desired consistency and taste. To increase your protein intake per serving and to achieve an amazing milkshake taste, use non-fat or low fat milk.

REFERENCES:
  1. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adultsJ Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  2. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus proteinInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270. 

COMBAT CRUNCH BAR

PRODUCT CATEGORY:

Protein, Pre Workout, Post Workout

SERIES:

Hybrid

COMBAT CRUNCH BAR SUMMARY:

The only triple-layered protein bar on the market, Combat Crunch bars are high protein, with low active carbs and tons of fiber. Best of all, they only have 210 calories. Unlike hard-paste, “taffy-like” sports bars, Combat Crunch(TM) is like eating a soft-batch cookie.

COMBAT CRUNCH BAR BENEFITS:
  • Multi-layer baked protein bar
  • 20 grams of high quality protein
  • High fiber
  • Low sugar and net carbs
  • Only 210 calories
  • Delicious taste
  • Gluten free
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM TAKING COMBAT CRUNCH BARS:

Individuals seeking a quick and delicious protein source and want an alternative to a traditional protein shake or bar.

KEY INGREDIENTS/PROPRIETARY  BLENDS IN COMBAT CRUNCH BARS:

Whey protein isolate:

Whey protein isolates digest and absorb rapidly and are, gram for gram, the purest form of protein (90-98% pure protein).[1,2]

Milk protein isolate:

Milk protein is a relatively unprocessed form of dairy protein, consisting of both whey protein and casein protein in approximately a 20/80 ratio.[3]

PRODUCT USAGE:

Consume 1 or more servings daily to fortify your protein intake, or as needed to satisfy your protein or muscle-building nutritional needs.

REFERENCES:
  1. Chale, A., Cloutier, G. J., Hau, C., Phillips, E. M., Dallal, G. E., & Fielding, R. A. (2013). Efficacy of whey protein supplementation on resistance exercise-induced changes in lean mass, muscle strength, and physical function in mobility-limited older adultsJ Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 68(6), 682-690. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gls221
  2. Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J., & Williams, C. (2013). Growth-hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus proteinInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 23(3), 259-270.
  3. Lorenzen J, et alThe effect of milk proteins on appetite regulation and diet-induced thermogenesisEur J Clin Nutr. (2012)